VU CS302- Digital Logic Design MIDTERM Solved/Unsolved Papers Spring 2010
MIDTERM EXAMINATION
CS302- Digital Logic Design (Session – 2
Question No: 1 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
Which of the number is not a representative of hexadecimal system
► 1234
► ABCD
► 1001
► DEFH
Question No: 2 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
The Unsigned Binary representation can only represent positive binary numbers
► True
► False
Question No: 3 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
The values that exceed the specified range can not be correctly represented and are considered as
________
► Overflow
► Carry
► Parity
► Sign value
Question No: 4 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
The 4-bit 2’s complement representation of “-7” is _____________
► 0111
► 1111
► 1001
► 0110
L-2
Question No: 5 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
AB ABC AC is an example of ________
► Product of sum form
► Sum of product form
► Demorgans law
► Associative law
Question No: 6 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
The diagram given below represents __________
► Demorgans law
► Associative law
► Product of sum form
► Sum of product form
Question No: 7 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
The output of an AND gate is one when _______
► All of the inputs are one
► Any of the input is one
► Any of the input is zero
► All the inputs are zero
Question No: 8 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
The 4-variable Karnaugh Map (K-Map) has _______ cells for min or max terms
► 4
► 8
► 12
► 16
Question No: 9 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
A BCD to 7-Segment decoder has
► 3 inputs and 7 outputs
► 4 inputs and 7 outputs
► 7 inputs and 3 outputs
► 7 inputs and 4 outputs
Question No: 10 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
Two 2-input, 4-bit multiplexers 74X157 can be connected to implement a ____ multiplexer.
► 4-input, 8-bit
► 4-input, 16-bit
► 2-input, 8-bit
► 2-input, 4-bit
Question No: 11 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
The PROM
consists of a fixed non-programmable ____________ Gate array configured as a decoder.
► AND
► OR
► NOT
► XOR
Question No: 12 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
In ABEL the variable ‘A’ is treated separately from variable ‘a’
► True
► False
Question No: 13 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
The ABEL notation equivalent to Boolean expression A+B is:
► A & B
► A ! B
► A # B
► A $ B
L-21
Question No: 14 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
If an active-HIGH S-R latch has a 0 on the S input and a 1 on the R input and then the R input
goes to 0, the latch will be ________.
► SET
► RESET
► Clear
► Invalid
Question No: 15 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
Demultiplexer has
► Single input and single outputs.
► Multiple inputs and multiple outputs.
► Single input and multiple outputs.
► Multiple inputs and single output.
Question No: 16 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
Which one is true:
► Power consumption of TTL is higher than of CMOS
► Power consumption of CMOS is higher than of TTL
► Both TTL and CMOS have same power consumption
► Power consumption of both CMOS and TTL depends on no. of gates in the circuit.
Question No: 17 ( Marks: 1 )
Briefly state the basic principle of Repeated Division-by-2 method.
Repeated Division-by-2
Repeated Division-by-2 method allows decimal numbers of any magnitude to be
converted into binary. In this method the Decimal number to be converted into its Binary
equivalent is repeatedly divided by 2. The divisor is selected as 2 because the decimal
number is being converted into Binary a Base-2 Number system. Repeated division
method can be used to convert decimal number into any Number system by repeated
division by the Base-Number. For example, the decimal number can be converted into
the Caveman Number system by repeatedly dividing by 5, the Base number of the
Caveman Number System. The Repeated Division method will be used in latter lectures
to convert decimal into Hexadecimal and Octal Number Systems.
In the Repeated-Division method the Decimal number to be converted is divided
by the Base Number, in this particular case 2. A quotient value and a remainder value is
generated, both values are noted done. The remainder value in all subsequent divisions
would be either a 0 or a 1. The quotient value obtained as a result of division by 2 is
divided again by 2. The new quotient and remainder values are again noted down. In each
step of the repeated division method the remainder values are noted down and the
quotient values are repeatedly divided by the base number. The process of repeated
division stops when the quotient value becomes zero. The remainders that have been
noted in consecutive steps are written out to indicate the Binary equivalent of the Original
Decimal Number.
Question No: 18 ( Marks: 1 )
Briefly state the basic principle of Repeated Multiplication-by-2 Method.
Repeated Multiplication-by-2 Method
An alternate to the Sum-of-Weights method used to convert Decimal fractions to
equivalent Binary fractions is the repeated multiplication by 2 method. In this method the
number to be converted is repeatedly multiplied by the Base Number to which the
number is being converted to, in this case 2. A new number having an Integer part and a
Fraction part is generated after each multiplication. The Integer part is noted down and
the fraction part is again multiplied with the Base number 2. The process is repeated until
the fraction term becomes equal to zero.
Repeated Multiplication-by-2 method allows decimal fractions of any magnitude to be
easily converted into binary. The conversion of Decimal fraction 0.625 into Binary
equivalent using the Repeated Multiplication-by-2 method is illustrated in a tabular form.
Table 2.4. Reading the Integer column from bottom to top and placing a decimal point in
the left most position gives 0.101 the binary equivalent of decimal fraction 0.625
Question No: 19 ( Marks: 2 )
Draw the circuit diagram of a Tri-State buffer.
Question No: 20 ( Marks: 3 )
Add -13 and +7 by converting them in binary system your result must be in binary.
Question No: 21 ( Marks: 5 )
Explain “Sum of Weights” method with example for “Octal to Decimal” conversion
1. Sum-of-Weights Method
Sum-of-weights as the name indicates sums the weights of the Binary Digits (bits)
of a Binary Number which is to be represented in Decimal. The Sum-of-Weights method
can be used to convert a Binary number of any magnitude to its equivalent Decimal
representation.
In the Sum-of-Weights method an extended expression is written in terms of the
Binary Base Number 2 and the weights of the Binary number to be converted. The
weights correspond to each of the binary bits which are multiplied by the corresponding
binary value. Binary bits having the value 0 do not contribute any value towards the final
sum expression.
The Binary number 101102 is therefore written in the form of an expression
having weights 20 ,21,22 ,23 AND 24 corresponding to the bits 0, 1, 1, 0 and 1 respectively.
Weights 20AND 23 do not contribute in the final sum as the binary bits corresponding to
these weights have the value 0.
101102 = 1 x 24 0 x 23 1 x 22 1 x 21 0 x 20
= 16 + 0 + 4 + 2 + 0
= 22
Question No: 22 ( Marks: 10 )
Explain the Implementation of an Odd-Parity Generator Circuit i.e by drawing function table, maping it to K-map and then simplifying the expression.
MIDTERM EXAMINATION
CS302- Digital Logic Design
Question No: 1 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
GAL can be reprogrammed because instead of fuses _______ logic is used in it
► E2CMOS
► TTL
► CMOS+
► None of the given options
Question No: 2 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
The device shown here is most likely a
► Comparator
► Multiplexer
► Demultiplexer
► Parity generator
Question No: 3 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
If “1110” is applied at the input of BCD-to-Decimal decoder which output pin will be activated:
► 2nd
► 4th
► 14th
► No output wire will be activated
Question No: 4 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
Half-Adder Logic circuit contains 2 XOR Gates
► True
► False
Question No: 5 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
A particular Full Adder has
► 3 inputs and 2 output
► 3 inputs and 3 output
► 2 inputs and 3 output
► 2 inputs and 2 output
Question No: 6 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
Sum A BC
CarryOut C(A B) AB
are the Sum and CarryOut expression of
► Half Adder
► Full Adder
► 3-bit parralel adder
► MSI adder cicuit
Question No: 7 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
A Karnaugh map is similar to a truth table because it presents all the possible values of
input variables and the resulting output of each value.
► True
► False
Question No: 8 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
The output A < B is set to 1 when the input combinations is __________
► A=10, B=01
► A=11, B=01
► A=01, B=01
► A=01, B=10
Here output combination should A < B
Question No: 9 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
The 4-variable Karnaugh Map (K-Map) has _______ cells for min or max terms
► 4
► 8
► 12
► 16
Question No: 10 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
Generally, the Power dissipation of _______ devices remains constant throughout their
operation.
► TTL
► CMOS 3.5 series
► CMOS 5 Series
► Power dissipation of all circuits increases with time.
Question No: 11 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
The decimal “8” is represented as _________ using Gray-Code.
► 0011
► 1100
► 1000
► 1010
Question No: 12 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
(A+B).(A+C) = ___________
► B+C
► A+BC
► AB+C
► AC+B
Question No: 13 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
A.(B + C) = A.B + A.C is the expression of _________________
► Demorgan’s Law
► Commutative Law
► Distributive Law
► Associative Law
Question No: 14 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
NOR Gate can be used to perform the operation of AND, OR and NOT Gate
► FALSE
► TRUE
Question No: 15 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
In ANSI/IEEE Standard 754 “Mantissa” is represented by ___32-bits______ bits
► 8-bits
► 16-bits
► 32-bits
► 64-bits
Question No: 16 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
Caveman number system is Base _5_____ number system
► 2
► 5
► 10
► 16
Question No: 17 ( Marks: 1 )
Briefly state the basic principle of Repeated Multiplication-by-2 Method.
Repeated Multiplication-by-2 method allows decimal fractions of any magnitude to
be easily converted into binary.
Question No: 18 ( Marks: 1 )
How standard Boolean expressions can be converted into truth table format.
Standard Boolean expressions can be converted into truth table format using binary
values for each term in the expression. Standard SOP or POS expressions can
also be determined from a truth table.
Question No: 19 ( Marks: 2 )
What will be the out put of the diagram given below
A.B + A.B.C.D
Question No: 20 ( Marks: 3 )
When an Input (source) file is created in ABEL a module is created which has three
sections. Name These three sections.
Answer:
The three sections are:
• Boolean Equations
• Truth Tables
• State Diagrams
Question No: 21 ( Marks: 5 )
Explain “AND” Gate and some of its uses
AND gates are used to combine multiple signals, if all the signals are TRUE then the
output will also be TRUE. If any of the signals are FALSE, then the output will be
false. ANDs aren’t used as much as NAND gates; NAND gates use less components
and have the advantage that they be used as an inverter.
Question No: 22 ( Marks: 10 )
Write down different situations where we need the sequential circuits.
Digital circuits that use memory elements for their operation are known as
Sequential circuits. Thus Sequential circuits are implemented by combining
combinational circuits with memory elements.
Question No: 1 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
In the binary number “10011” the weight of the most significant digit is ____
► 24 (2 raise to power 4)
► 23 (2 raise to power 3)
► 20 (2 raise to power 0)
► 21 (2 raise to power 1)
Question No: 2 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
An S-R latch can be implemented by using _________ gates
► AND, OR
► NAND, NOR
► NAND, XOR
► NOT, XOR
Question No: 3 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
A latch has _____ stable states
► One
► Two
► Three
► Four
Question No: 4 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
Sequential circuits have storage elements
► True
► False
Question No: 5 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
The ABEL symbol for “XOR” operation is
► $
► #
► !
► &
Question No: 6 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
A Demultiplexer is not available commercially.
► True
► False
Question No: 7 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
Using multiplexer as parallel to serial converter requires ___________ connected to the
multiplexer
► A parallel to serial converter circuit
► A counter circuit
► A BCD to Decimal decoder
► A 2-to-8 bit decoder
Question No: 8 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
The device shown here is most likely a
► Comparator
► Multiplexer
► Demultiplexer
► Parity generator
Question No: 9 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
The main use of the Multiplexer is to
► Select data from multiple sources and to route it to a single
Destination
► Select data from Single source and to route it to a multiple Destinations
► Select data from Single source and to route to single destination
► Select data from multiple sources and to route to multiple destinations
Question No: 10 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
A logic circuit with an output consists of ________.
► two AND gates, two OR gates, two inverters
► three AND gates, two OR gates, one inverter
► two AND gates, one OR gate, two inverters
► two AND gates, one OR gate
Question No: 11 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
The binary value of 1010 is converted to the product term
► True
► False
Question No: 12 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
The 3-variable Karnaugh Map (K-Map) has _______ cells for min or max terms
► 4
► 8
► 12
► 16
Question No: 13 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
Following is standard POS expression
► True
► False
Question No: 14 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
The output of the expression F=A+B+C will be Logic ________ when A=0, B=1,
C=1. the symbol’+’ here represents OR Gate.
► Undefined
► One
► Zero
► 10 (binary)
Question No: 15 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
The Extended ASCII Code (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) is a
_____ code
► 2-bit
► 7-bit
► 8-bit
► 16-bit
Question No: 16 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
The diagram given below represents __________
► Demorgans law
► Associative law
► Product of sum form
► Sum of product form
Question No: 17 ( Marks: 1 )
How can a PLD be programmed?
PLDs are programmed with the help of computer which runs the programming
software. The computer is connected to a programmer socket in which the PLD is
inserted for programming. PLDs can also be programmed when they are installed
on a circuit board
Question No: 18 ( Marks: 1 )
How many input and output bits do a Half-Adder contain?
The Half-Adder has a 2-bit input and a 2-bit output.
Question No: 19 ( Marks: 2 )
Explain the difference between 1-to-4 Demultiplexer 2-to-4 Binary Decoder?
The circuit of the 1-to-4 Demultiplexer is similar to the 2-to-4 Binary Decoder
described earlier figure 16.9. The only difference between the two is the addition
of the Data Input line, which is used as enable line in the 2-to-4 Decoder circuit
figure
Question No: 20 ( Marks: 3 )
Name the three declarations that are included in “declaration section” of
the module that is created when an Input (source) file is created in ABEL.
Device declaration, pin declarations and set declarations.
Question No: 21 ( Marks: 5 )
Explain with example how noise affects Operation of a CMOS AND Gate circuit.
Two CMOS 5 volt series AND gates are connected together. Figure 7.3 The first
AND gate has both its inputs connected to logic high, therefore the output of the
gate is guaranteed to be logic high. The logic high voltage output of the first AND
gate is assumed to be 4.6 volts well within the valid VOH range of 5-4.4 volts.
Assume the same noise signal (as described earlier) is added to the output signal
of the first AND gate.
Question No: 22 ( Marks: 10 )
explain the SOP based implementation of the Adjacent 1s Detector Circuit
The Adjacent 1s Detector accepts 4-bit inputs. If two adjacent 1s are detected in
the
input, the output is set to high. The operation of the Adjacent 1s Detector is
represented by the
function table. Table 13.6. In the function table, for the input combinations 0011,
0110, 0111,
1011, 1100, 1101, 1110 and 1111 the output function is a 1.
Implementing the circuit directly from the function table based on the SOP form
requires 8 AND gates for the 8 product terms (minterms) with an 8-input OR gate.
Figure 13.3.
The total gate count is
• One 8 input OR gate
• Eight 4 input AND gates
• Ten NOT gates
The expression can be simplified using a Karnaugh map, figure 13.4, and then the
simplified expression can be implemented to reduce the gate count. The
simplified expression
isAB + CD +BC . The circuit implemented using the expression AB + CD +BC
has reduced
to 3 input OR gate and 2 input AND gates.
The simplified Adjacent 1s Detector circuit uses only four gates reducing the cost,
the
size of the circuit and the power requirement. The propagation delay of the circuit
is of the order of two gates
.
:13cO�r’<�i `o e=’font-family:”Times New Roman”; border:none windowtext 1.0pt;mso-border-alt:none windowtext 0in;padding:0in’> Question No: 26 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
The sequence of states that are implemented by a n-bit Johnson counter is
► n+2 (n plus 2)
► 2n (n multiplied by 2)
► 2^{n} (2 raise to power n)
► n^{2 } (n raise to power 2)
Question No: 27 ( Marks: 2 )
Draw the Truth-Table of NOR based S-R Latch
input | output | |
S | R | Q_{T +1} |
0 | 0 | Q_{T} |
0 | 1 | 0 |
1 | 0 | 1 |
1 | 1 | INVALID |
Question No: 28 ( Marks: 2 )
Two state assignments are given in the table below. Identify which state assignment is best and why?
States | State assignment 1 | State assignment 2 |
A | 00 | 00 |
B | 01 | 01 |
C | 11 | 10 |
D | 10 | 11 |
Ans:
State assignment 2 is best assignment… it Minimizes the number of state variables that don’t change in a group of related states
. Question No: 29 ( Marks: 2 )
Write down at least two functions of a register.
Ans:
1. Registers are operating as a coherent unit to hold and generate data.
2. registers functions also include configuration and start-up of certain features, especially during initialization, bufferstorage e.g. video memory for graphics cards, input/output (I/O) of different kinds,
Question No: 30 ( Marks: 2 )
Define quantization process.
Ans:
The process by which we can convert an analogue signal into digital signal (code) is known as quantization process.
Question No: 31 ( Marks: 3 )
How can we calculate the frequency of an unknown signal?
Ans:
The frequency of a particular event is accomplished by counting the number of times that event occurs within a specific time interval, then dividing the count by the length of the time interval.
Question No: 32 ( Marks: 3 )
Given the following statement used in PLD programming:
Y PIN 23 ISTYPE ‘com’;
Explain what does this statement mean?
Ans:
The Y variable is a ‘Combinational’ output available directly from the AND-OR gate array output. The active-low or active-high output of the Registered Mode can also be specified in the declaration statement
Question No: 33 ( Marks: 3 )
Explain dynamic RAM in your own words.
Ans:
Dram use latch to store a single bit of information. The main drawback of it id the discharge of capacitor over a period of time. Here four gates are used in making a single latch. In terms of transistors, 4 to 6 transistors are required to implement a single storage cell. In order to build memories with higher densities, a single transistor is used to store a binary value. A single transistor can not store a binary value however it is used to charge and discharge a capacitor. The capacitor can not retain the charge, therefore it has to be periodically charged
Through a refresh cycle.
Question No: 34 ( Marks: 5 )
You are given the Next-state table of a moor machine, using this information draw the state diagram of the machine.
PresentState | NextState | ||||
Q_{2} | Q_{1} | Q_{0} | Q_{2} | Q_{1} | Q_{0} |
0 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 |
1 | 1 | 1 | 0 | 0 | 1 |
0 | 0 | 1 | 0 | 1 | 0 |
0 | 1 | 0 | 1 | 0 | 0 |
1 | 0 | 0 | 1 | 1 | 0 |
1 | 1 | 0 | 0 | 1 | 1 |
Question No: 35 ( Marks: 5 )
Explain Memory Select or Enable Signals
Memory Select or Enable Signal:
There are more than one memory chips to store program
Information in daily use computers. read or write operation is carried out on a single addressable location instantaneously .
The unique location is accessed in one of the several memory chips, so single memory chips is selected before a read or write operation can be carried out. All memory chips have a chip enable or chip select signal which has to be activated before the memory can be accessed.
Question No: 36 ( Marks: 5 )
Performance characteristics of D/A converters are determined by five parameters. Name them.
Ans:
Performances characteristics of D/A converters are determined by five parameters are as follow:
- 1. Accuracy
- 2. Setting time
- 3. Monotonicity
- 4. Linearity
- 5. Resolution
FINALTERM EXAMINATION
Spring 2010
CS302- Digital Logic Design (Session – 1)
Time: 90 min
arks: 58
Question No: 1 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
“A + B = B + A” is __________
► Demorgan’s Law
► Distributive Law
► Commutative Law
► Associative Law
Question No: 2 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
The diagram given below represents __________
► Demorgans law
► Associative law
► Product of sum form
► Sum of product form
Question No: 3 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
Following is standard POS expression
► True
► False
Question No: 4 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
An alternate method of implementing Comparators which allows the Comparators to be easily cascaded without the need for extra logic gates is _______
► Using a single comparator
► Using Iterative Circuit based Comparators
► Connecting comparators in vertical hierarchy
► Extra logic gates are always required.
Question No: 5 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
Demultiplexer is also called
► Data selector
► Data router
► Data distributor
► Data encoder
Question No: 6 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
The operation of J-K flip-flop is similar to that of the SR flip-flop except that the J-K flip-flop ___________
► Doesn’t have an invalid state
► Sets to clear when both J = 0 and K = 0
► It does not show transition on change in pulse
► It does not accept asynchronous inputs
Question No: 7 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
A positive edge-triggered flip-flop changes its state when ________________
► Low-to-high transition of clock
► High-to-low transition of clock
► Enable input (EN) is set
► Preset input (PRE) is set
Question No: 8 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
A flip-flop is connected to +5 volts and it draws 5 mA of current during its operation, the power dissipation of the flip-flop is
► 10 mW
► 25 mW
► 64 mW
► 1024
Question No: 9 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
____________ counters as the name indicates are not triggered simultaneously.
► Asynchronous
► Synchronous
► Positive-Edge triggered
► Negative-Edge triggered
Question No: 10 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
74HC163 has two enable input pins which are _______ and _________
► ENP, ENT
► ENI, ENC
► ENP, ENC
► ENT, ENI
Question No: 11 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
The divide-by-60 counter in digital clock is implemented by using two cascading counters:
► Mod-6, Mod-10
► Mod-50, Mod-10
► Mod-10, Mod-50
► Mod-50, Mod-6
Question No: 12 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
In a state diagram, the transition from a current state to the next state is determined by
► Current state and the inputs
► Current state and outputs
► Previous state and inputs
► Previous state and outputs
Question No: 13 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
A synchronous decade counter will have _______ flip-flops
► 3
► 4
► 7
► 10
Question No: 14 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
________ is used to minimize the possible no. of states of a circuit.
► State assignment
► State reduction
► Next state table
► State diagram
Question No: 15 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
A multiplexer with a register circuit converts _________
► Serial data to parallel
► Parallel data to serial
► Serial data to serial
► Parallel data to parallel
Question No: 16 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
The alternate solution for a demultiplexer-register combination circuit is _________
► Parallel in / Serial out shift register
► Serial in / Parallel out shift register
► Parallel in / Parallel out shift register
► Serial in / Serial Out shift register
Question No: 17 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
A GAL is essentially a ________.
► Non-reprogrammable PAL
► PAL that is programmed only by the manufacturer
► Very large PAL
► Reprogrammable PAL
Question No: 18 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
The output of this circuit is always ________.
► 1
► 0
► A
►
Question No: 19 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
DRAM stands for __________
► Dynamic RAM
► Data RAM
► Demoduler RAM
► None of given options
Question No: 20 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
in ____________, all the columns in the same row are either read or written.
► Sequential Access
► MOS Access
► FAST Mode Page Access
► None of given options
Question No: 21 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
FIFO is an acronym for __________
► First In, First Out
► Fly in, Fly Out
► Fast in, Fast Out
► None of given options
Question No: 22 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
In order to synchronize two devices that consume and produce data at different rates, we can use _________
► Read Only Memory
► Fist In First Out Memory
► Flash Memory
► Fast Page Access Mode Memory
Question No: 23 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
A frequency counter ______________
► Counts pulse width
► Counts no. of clock pulses in 1 second
► Counts high and low range of given clock pulse
► None of given options
Question No: 24 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
The sequence of states that are implemented by a n-bit Johnson counter is
► n+2 (n plus 2)
► 2n (n multiplied by 2)
► 2^{n} (2 raise to power n)
► n^{2 } (n raise to power 2)
Question No: 25 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
Stack is an acronym for _________
► FIFO memory
► LIFO memory
► Flash Memory
► Bust Flash Memory
Question No: 26 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
The 4-bit 2’s complement representation of “+5” is _____________
► 1010
► 1110
► 1011
► 0101
Question No: 27 ( Marks: 2 )
Explain the erase operation in context of Flash Memory.
Question No: 28 ( Marks: 2 )
Explain the difference between 1-to-4 Demultiplexer and 2-to-4 Binary Decoder?
Question No: 29 ( Marks: 2 )
Some of the counters (e.g. 74HC163) are called pre-set counters. why?
Question No: 30 ( Marks: 2 )
How many bytes will be there in 32 K x 8 memory?
Question No: 31 ( Marks: 3 )
Differentiate between truth table and next-state table
Question No: 32 ( Marks: 3 )
Name the three types of errors Analogue to Digital converters exhibit during their conversion operation.
Question No: 33 ( Marks: 3 )
How can a serial in/parallel out register be used as a serial in/serial out register?
Question No: 34 ( Marks: 5 )
Explain the implementation of First In First Out (FIFO) Memory by using RAM.
Question No: 35 ( Marks: 5 )
Explain memory read operation with the help of an example
Question No: 36 ( Marks: 5 )
Explain the next-state table with the help of a table for any sequential circuit