ACC501 Business Finance
Mid Term Examination – Spring 2006
Time Allowed: 90 Minutes
Please read the following instructions carefully before attempting any
• All questions are compulsory.
• This exam consists of 10 Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ’s), 5 Fill in the Blanks, 5Short
Questions and 1 Descriptive Question.
• You should try to complete MCQ’s in 10 – 15 minutes in order to avail 75 – 80 minutes for
the descriptive questions.
• For each MCQ, read the choices available carefully and select the choice which you
consider is the most suitable, by clicking on the appropriate circle.
• Save your answer before proceeding to the next question.
• Do not click the “Finish button” while solving your paper. Once you clicked the “Finish”
button, you will not be able to access your paper again. Click it only at the end after
attempting the whole paper, which will be an indication that you have submitted your
• You are required to show all the working of short questions as well as descriptive question
in your answers.
• The use of calculator and financial tables is allowed.
• A clock has been given in the exam software. Software will automatically be closed after
• It is your responsibility to manage time and responses to test questions effectively.
• Failure to comply with the supervisor’s directions will result in your test being cancelled.
Please comply with supervisor’s directions to avoid any unpleasant event.
Question No. 1 Marks : 1
The _____________________ ratio is the same as the _______________________ ratio
except inventories and “other current assets” are dropped from the numerator.
Question No. 2 Marks : 1
The growth that can be financed without resorting to any external equity financing is
called the _______________
Question No. 3 Marks : 1
Financial institutions facilitate individuals and firms in:
pooling of risks
all of the given options
Question No. 4 Marks : 1
are issued by state and local governments.
Question No. 5 Marks : 1
You are expecting to receive Rs.5000 in 3 years. If the interest rate increases, the
present value of that future amount to you would:
cannot be determined without more information
Question No. 6 Marks : 1
is not the function of the treasurer:
Preparation of financial statements
Question No. 7 Marks : 1
Sara is interested in purchasing Tom’s factory. Since Sara is a poor negotiator, she
hires Maria to negotiate a purchase price. Identify the parties to this transaction from
the given options, according to agency theory:
Sara is the agent.
Maria is the principal.
Tom is the agent and Maria is the principal
Sara is the principal and Maria is the agent.
Question No. 8 Marks : 1
Purchasing new machinery for expanding production capacity by a corporation is
Question No. 9 Marks : 3
CVP Corporation has a policy of paying a $10 per share dividend every year. This
policy is to continue indefinitely. What is the value of a share of stock if the required
rate of return is 20%?
Question No. 10 Marks : 1
A constant stream of cash flows for a limited number of years coming at regular
intervals is called a (an) .
Question No. 11 Marks : 1
is not an advantage of separation of ownership and
management of corporations.
Corporations can exist forever.
Facilitate transfer of ownership without affecting the operations of the firm
Hire professional managers
Incur agency costs
Question No. 12 Marks : 10
Mr. Martin has $20,000 that he can deposit in savings accounts of any of three banks
for a three year period. Bank A compounds on an annual basis; Bank B compounds
interest twice each year; Bank C compounds interest each quarter. All three banks
have a stated annual interest rate of 4%.
a. What amount would Mr. Martin have at the end of 3rd year in each bank?
b. On the basis of your findings in part a, describe which bank should Mr. Martin
deal with and why? (Marks: 02)
Question No. 13 Marks : 1
A firm is having difficulty in controlling its operating expenses. Which ratio category
in given options will most directly reflect this problem?
Question No. 14 Marks : 1
A firm’s investment decision is also called the:
capital budgeting decision
Question No. 15 Marks : 3
Why would you prefer corporate form of organization over other forms of business
organizations? Discuss giving at least three arguments.
Question No. 16 Marks : 3
What is an agency relationship? Describe the reason that results in agency problem.
Question No. 17 Marks : 1
Suppose a Corporation has a taxable income of Rs.50000 and the tax amount
calculated is as given below:
Rs.30000 x 5% = Rs.1500
(Rs.40000 – 30000) x 10% = 1000
(Rs.50000 – 40000) x 15% = 1500
Total tax amount is Rs.4000. Average tax rate is Rs.4000 / 50000 = 8.0%. Marginal tax
rate will be:
Question No. 18 Marks : 3
What do you understand by seniority in a bond indenture?
Question No. 19 Marks : 3
What are the three factors that affect Return on Equity, according to Du Pont Identity?
Question No. 20 Marks : 1
In context of inflation and returns, the relationship between real and nominal returns
is described by:
Question No. 21 Marks : 1
Debt securities issued by corporations are called .