PPSC Lecturer Recruitment 2015 Chemistry Important Mcqs from Past Papers for Lecturer Test Preparation 2015

PPSC Lecturer Recruitment 2015 Chemistry Important  Mcqs from Past Papers for Lecturer Test Preparation 2015

(1) How much of the earth surface is covered by water?
(a) 65%
(b) 70%
(c) 80%
(d) None of these

(2) Citrus has its origin in:
(a) Indo-Chinese region
(b) Africa
(c) Middle East
(d) None of these

(3) The science of classification is called:
(a) Ecology
(b) Horticulture
(c) Taxonomy
(d) None of these

(4) Grapes cultivation is called:
(a) Orcharding
(b) Viticulture
(c) Pomology
(d) None of these

(5) Tomato is a good source of vitamin:
(a) Vitamin A
(b) Vitamin B
(c) Vitamin C
(d) None of these

(6) Histosols are found in:
(a) Canada
(b) Alaska
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(d) None of these

(7) Age of earth is:
(a) 6 billion years
(b) 4 billion years (Exact is 4.54 billion years)
(c) 1 billion years
(d) None of these

(8) Common soils found in Pakistan:
(a) Aridisols
(b) Inceptisols
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(d) None of these

(9) A group of similar looking plants that has approved for general cultivation in a ecological zone is called:
(a) Variety
(b) Strain
(c) Taxonomy
(d) None of these

(10) The basic set of chromosomes in case of wheat is:
(a) 7
(b) 14
(c) 42
(d) None of these

(11) In DNA, adenine always pair with:
(a) Thymine
(b) Guamine
(c) Cytosine
(d) None of these

(12) Mushrooms are member of:
(a) Omycetes
(b) Discomycetes
(c) Pyronomycetes
(d) None of these

(13) Most fungal disease spread out in:
(a) Dry & Cold weather
(b) Wet & Cold
(c) Dry & Hot
(d) None of these

(14) Tikka disease of groundnut is renowned to:
(a) Thar
(b) Chakwal (Please confirm it)
(c) Rawalpindi
(d) None of these

(15) The fruits and vegetables contain an insoluble stiffening material called:
(a) Pectin
(b) Lignin
(c) Protopectin
(d) None of these

(16) Substances added intentionally to foods for the purpose of making more profit termed as:
(a) Food contaminations
(b ) Food adulterants
(c) Food additives
(d) None of these

(17) Lepus capensis is the name of:
(a) Tiger
(b) Lion
(c) Rat
(d) None of these

(18) Establishment of new crop naturally or artificially is:
(a) Silviculture
(b) Sericulture
(c) Nursery
(d) None of these

(19) Meaningful statement about the economic behavior or the economy is called:
(a) Economic principles
(b) Economic theories
(c) Both (a) and (b) (I am not sure please confirm it)
(d) None of these

(20) The measure of fluids resistance to sheer or angular deformation:
(a) Normality
(b) Viscosity
(c) Compressibility
(d) None of these
1) Ploidy level of maize plant is:
a) Diploid
b) Tetraploid
c) Hexaploid
d) None of these

2) Dajal is a breed of:
a) Milking animal
b) Draft animal
c) Pet animal
d) None of these

3) Seed cotton means:
a) Lint only
b) Seed without lint
c) Seed with lint
d) None of these

4) Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium provides basis for study of:
a) Population Genetics
b) Genetic Engineering
c) Biometrical Genetics
d) Mendelian Genetics

5) Maize plant has its origin in:
a) Russia
b) Africa
c) Middle East
d) America

6) Olericulture is the study dealing with:
a) Silk worm
b) Vegetable production
c) Honey bees
d) Ornamental flowers

7) Gypsum is a rich source of:
a) Calcium + zinc
b) Calcium + Potassium
c) Calcium + sulphur
d) Calcium + nitrogen

8) Banana fruit is classified in the category of:
a) Berry
b) Pomes
c) Sorosis
d) None of these

9) True potato seed is the:
a) Potato tuber used for propagation
b) Any plant part used for potato propagation
c) Seed developed within the fruit of potato
d) None of these

10) Eragate are the types of insects which are:
a) Workers in honey bee
b) Biting
c) Workers in the species of ant
d) None of these

11) “CIMMYT” is an organization working for the improvement of:
a) Rice and cotton
b) Pulses and oilseeds
c) Dryland Agriculture
d) Wheat and maize

12) In various plant metabolic processes “PPP” stand for:
a) Plant Protection Procedures
b) Produce Per Plant
c) Pentose Phosphate Pathway
d) None of these

13) Arachnids are the arthropods with:
a) Single pair of leg
b) Two pairs of legs
c) Three pairs of legs
d) Four pairs of legs

14) Sericulture means:
a) Rearing of honey bees
b) Rearing silk worms
c) Both (a) and (b)
d) None of these

15) The cotton species providing main raw material for textile industry is:
a) Gossypium hirsutum (Please confirm it)
b) Gossypium arboreum
c) Gossypium thurberii
d) None os these

16) Inbred lines are developed through selection and inbreeding in:
a) Self pollinated crops
b) Cross pollinated crops
c) Asexually propagated crops
d) None of these

17) Safflower is:
a) An ornamental plant
b) Oil producing plant
c) Leguminous
d) Fibre producing plant

18) Continuous selfing in cross pollinated:
a) Improvment in yield
b) Poor in performance
c) Growth in vegetative parts
d) None of these

19) Soil structure can be improved with addition of:
a) Organic matter
b) Chemical fertilizers
c) Gypsum
d) None of these

20) Synapsis of chromosomes occurs between:
a) Sister chromatids
b) Homologous chromosomes
c) Non homologous
d) None of these
(1) Mechanism in which the product of metabolic pathway inhibits an enzyme catalyzing an early step is called:
(a) Early inhibition
(b) Metabolic inhibition
(c) Feed back inhibition
(d) None of these

(2) The most suitable part of the plant for the study of Meiosis is:
(a) Young bud
(b) Anther (Please confirm it)
(c) Root tip
(d) Shoot apex

(3) The shrinkage of protoplasm due to osmosis of water from the cell is known as:
(a) Hydrolysis
(b) Endomosis
(c) Dehydration
(d) Plasmolysis

(4) The most abundant compound in nature is:
(a) Starch
(b) Protein
(c) Cellulose
(d) All of these

(5) Antibiotics are produced by the:
(a) Plants
(b) Microorganisms
(c) Animals
(d) All of these

(6) The amino acids which cannot be synthesized by the mammals are called:
(a) Basic amino acids
(b) Non-essential amino acids
(c) Essential amino acids
(d) Non-Polar amino acids

(7) Quantitative traits are measurable traits that show:
(a) Discontinuous variation
(b) Continuous variation
(c) Phenotypic
(d) None of these

(8) The process of programmed cell death is called:
(a) Apoptosis
(b) Necrosis
(c) Degeneration
(d) Both (a) and (b)

(9) Genetic material of an organism changes with:
(a) Age
(b) Environmental change
(c) Nutritional change
(d) None of these

(10) Economically important Genetic traits in plants are influenced by the environment because these are:
(a) Cytoplasmically inherited traits
(b) Monogenic traits
(c) Polygenic traits
(d) None of these

(11) Only plant cells contains:
(a) Plasma membrane
(b) Mitochondria
(c) Chloroplasts
(d) Nucleolus

(12) The accumulation of CO2 in large quantities in the atmosphere causes the problem of:
(a) Air pollution
(b) Over cooling of atmosphere
(c) Degradation of Biodiversity
(d) Green house effect

(13) The ovary in plants matures into:
(a) Fruit
(b) Seed
(c) Endosperm
(d) Embryo

(14) The first step in Photosynthesis is:
(a) Excitation chlorophyll electron
(b) Photolysis of water
(c) Formation of NADPH2
(d) Formation of ATP

(15) Which one of the following is nonrenewable resource?
(a) Wildlife
(b) Biodiversity
(c) Fossil Fuel
(d) Forest

(16) A plant disease caused by bacteria is called:
(a) Loose smut
(b) Crown gall
(c) Leaf rust
(d) Powdery Mildew

(17) Enzymes are chemically:
(a) Carbohydrates
(b) Lipids
(c) Proteins
(d) None of these

(18) Genes determine:
(a) The sex of a baby
(b) A phenotypic character
(c) Synthesis of a Polypeptide
(d) All of these

(19) “It is the outmost layer of the animal cell, it is thin, delicate, elastic, and capable of self repair.” The statement is true for:
(a) Cell wall
(b) Cell membrane
(c) Middle Lamella
(d) Nuclear membrane

(20) Biotechnology refers to:
(a) Manipulation of Genes
(b) Cheese Making
(c) Manipulation of Biological Systems
(d) All of these

PPSC Lecturer Recruitment 2015 Lecturer Statistics Important Mcqs from Past Papers

PPSC Lecturer Recruitment 2015 Lecturer Statistics Important Mcqs from Past Papers

1) Ferdinand Tonnies used the term ————–. To refer to societies dominated by impersonal relationships, individual accomplishment and self-interests.
(a) Society (b) Gesellschaft
(c) Community (d) Gemeinschaft

2) When the researcher asks the respondent face to face questions, this method is called
(a) Interview Schedule (b) Questionnaire
(C) Observation (d) interview guide

3) ———– Is the process by which people learn all patterns of social life.
(a) Interaction (b) Communication
(c) Socialization (d) Dissemination

4) According to ——- all societies across the world are stratified.
(a) Anthropologists (b) Sociologists
(C) Economists (d) Political Scientists

5) Biological characteristics distinguishing male from female is called ——
(a) Heterosexuality (b) Gender
(c) Sex (d) Homosexuality

6) A family consisting of step relations is called :
(a) Plural family (b) Joint family
(C) Extended family (d) Compound family

7) Power that people consider legitimate is known as
(a) Force (b) Right
(C) Authority (d) Privilege

8) Mugging, rape and burglary are examples of ——- crimes.
(a) Organized crimes (b) general crimes
(c) Street crimes d) Modern crimes

9) A norm is always enforced by sanctions.
(a) True (b) False

10) Society is the largest and most complex group that sociologists study.
(a) True (b) False

11) Endogamy is the marriage among certain relatives.
(a) True (b) False

12) Social structure of a society is the network of ————-
(a) Institutional Relations (b) Value system
(c) Traditions (d) Compliance to norms

13) Polygamy means ——————
(a) Several Husbands (b) Several Wives
(C) Several Marriages (d) Single Marriage

14) Demography means ————-:
(a) Male Population (b) Human Population
(c) Women population (d) Adult Population

15) ———— is striving for equal treatment of women and men and for abolishing inequality.:
(a) Feminism (b) Gender Studies
(C) Political Science (d) Law

16) WID approach believes in:
a) Gender mainstreaming b) Gender Segregation
c) Incorporating women in development activities d) None of these

17) Is Pakistan a signatory of CEDAW?
(a) Yes (b) No

18) Human Rights pertain to caring for the rights of;
a) Women b) Men
c) Minorities d) All of these.

19) Symbolic behavior of a person means ————
a) Meaningful behavior b) Covert behavior
c) Overt behavior d) Significant behavior

20) Gerontology is the study of —————
a) Human beings b) Special groups
c) Aged and aging d) all of these
i)Human and animal societies share all but one of the following characteristics:
a.Population and common territory
b.Shared beliefs and collective destiny
c.Both sexes and all ages
d.None of these

ii)The essential function of punishment in society is:
c.Affirmation of moral standards
d.None of these

iii)The most pervasive of the social processes are:
b.Overt Conflict
d.None of these
iv)One of the following is alien to the concept of culture:
a.Religious ritual
c.Idealized ways of thinking and doing
d.None of these

v)A human being deprived of all communication with other humans from birth would lack all but one of the followings:
a.Rudimentary personality
d.None of these

vi)Abstract sentiments are :
a.Closer to center of self than moral rules
b.Provide a focus for allegiance
c.Are compellers of action
d.None of these

vii)A person is conciously motivated primarily by his:
a.Social values
b.Real traits
c.Picture of himself
d.None of these
viii)Role confusion in modern society is engendered by all but one of the following:
a.Broadening of role specification
b.Plurality of moralities
c.increase in number of achievable positions
d.None of these
ix)The creative potential of personality is accounted for by:
a.Stimulus- response psychology
b.Drive psychology
c.Trait psychology
d.None of these
x)Once formed the self is:
d.None of these
xi)In modern society, cultural change is most likely to be the by product of:
c.Social struggle
d.None of these
xii)The country with better record for gathering population statistics than any other is:
d.None of these

xiii)The population of the world is expected to double in the next :
a.35 years
b.75 years
c.100 years
d.None of these
xiv)In 2014, the estimated world population would reach
a.3.7 billion
b.6.0 billion
c.9.0 billion
d.None of these
xv)Economic growth will keep pace with population growth only if there is :
a.Available acreage
b.Improved technology
c.Motivation to achieve
d.None of these

xvi)The price paid for increased mobility includes a decrease in :
b.Loyalty to superior
c.Personal responsibility
d.None of these
xvii)The trend toward urbanization is most advanced in :
d.None of these
xviii)In a highly intra-competitive situation, individual can guarantee the trust of peers by :
a.Self modesty
b.Genuine goodwill
c.Withholding praise of superior
d.None of these

xix)The item alien to the concept of mass is :
d.None of these
xx)The exception to the typical application of endogamy is :
d.None of these
) Etnocentricism means:

(a) Evaluating other cultures with the Yardstick of your own values.
(b)Taking other nations as good as your own one but disowned
(c)No other society is like your’s and your society or group is superior to
(d) None of these.

(2) Social facts have thier independent existence and must be studied
likewise. Who remarked above when discussing scientific method:

(a)Ibn-i-Khaldun (b)Emile Durkhiem
(c)Auguste Comte (d) None of These

(3) An exploratory research design the major focus is on:

(a) Experimentation (b) Hypothesetesting
(c) Profile development and description (d) None of these

(4) Diffusion of innovations among cultures means:

(a) Traveling of traits and patterns in space/territory
(b) Transmission of trait complexes in time.
(c) Both(a) and (b)
(d) None of these

(5) Social institutions are ;

(a) God-given and cannot be changed
(b) Buildings and people who operate there
(c) Consultellation of folkways and moresaround some important functions(s)
of society.
(d) None of these.

(6)A counter culture:

(a) Has to be against the existing cultural ethos/values
(b) May not be against the existing cultural ethos/values
(c) If different from the existing culture may never succeed to survive
(d) None of these.
(7) Family Laws Ordinance was passed for the first time in:

(a) 1961 (b) 1973
(c) 1985 (d) None of these.

(8) Demographic Transition exhibits:

(a) High birth rate and low death rate in its first phase
(b) high death rate and low birth rate in its first phase.
(c) High birth rate and high death rate in its first phase.
(d) None of these.

(9) As a conquence of rural urban migration:

(a) more and more urbanization is takling place successfully
(b) ruralization of urban areas is takling place
(c) ruralization of urban areas and ribbon growth seem to be the result
(d) None of these

(10) In a patriarchal family the major decision are taken by the:

(a)Old men and women
(b)The male or female head of the family
(c)The male head of the family who weilds all powers
(d)None of these.

(11) Sociobiologists believe that:

(a) biology being the major constraints does not allow any change in human
nature hence socialization does not change much of human individual
nature.(b) Individaul is the product of social group within which he is socialized
(c)The-nature controversy has ended in favour of nurture and the
bio-sociologists have failed to promote thier thesis.
(d) None of these

(12)A double-barrelle question has the potential of having:

(a) Two acceptable responses/answers
(b)Two answers but incompatible with each other
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(d) None of these .

(13) Those who cannot compete have no right for higher learning and must be refused accordingly who believed in the above thesis?

(a) Auguste comte (b)Spencer
(c) Karl max (d) None of these

(14) Whose theorizing social change is depicted/comes closer to Iqbal’s verse
“AA tujh ko bataon main taqdeer umam kia hai
shamsher w sanna awwal taoos w rabab aakhir”
(a) Karl- Marx
(b) Ibn-i-Khaldun
(c)George Hegel
(d) None of these.

(15) The lowest density of population per square kilometer is found in:

(a) Sindh (b) N.W.F.P
(c)Baluchistan (d) None of these

(16) Alteration is the state of affairs in which:

(a) the society has no norms and if there are any nobody follows the
(b) the individual has no claim over the product that he has finished
(c) the worker is least emotionally related to the product that he develops, the co-workers and the work emviorment.

(17) The rate of return for a mailed questionaire is usually:

(a) very high (b) very low
(c) it can be both (a) and(b) (d) None of these

(18) According to Emile Durkhiem the Mechanical Solidarity is based on:

(a) blood relations and neighbourhood
(b) division of labour and specialization
(c) The contribution individuals make to each other
(d) None of these
(19) Cultural Shock is caused by:

(a) Playing is different role and getting role strain
(b) finding values, norms and customs against ones cultural socialization
usually opposite to what one has been socilizad in and they turn out to
be dysfunctional.
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(d) None of these

(20) Standard deviation in statistics is the measure that indicates in essence the :

(a) Central tendency
(b) Spread of the sample means/values
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(d) None of these
(1) Any method of data collection that directly removes the researcher from research site
~: .
(a) Erosion measure (b) Accretion measure
(c) Unobtrusive measure (d) None ofthese

2. Commonly used measure of variability whose size indicates the dispersion of a
distribution is: .
(a) Standard deviation
(c) Standard score
(b) Co-efficient of variation
(d) Variance

3. In sample selection a threat that occurs when individuals have been assigned to the experimental group on the basis of their extreme score on dependent variable is
(a) Experimental mortality (b) Regression artifact (c) Maturation (d) None of these
4. An overall scheme of scientific activities in which scientists engage in order to produce knowledge is a:
(a) Research process (b) Research model
(c) Research methodology (d) Research design
5. When there is an inherent causal link between dependent and independent variables, the relationship is:
(a) Non-spurious
( b) significant relationship
(c) Spurious (d) None of these
6. Questions that are relevant to some respondents, may be irrelevant to others are known as:
(a) Double barreled questions (b) Leading questions
(c) Contingency questions (d) Matrix questions
7. Stratified sample falls under:
(a) Probability sampling design (b)Non probability sampling
(c) Multi-stage sample design (d) None of these
8)Egoistic, the special type of stucide presented by Emile Durkheim, springing from:
(a) Excessive irregulation (b) Excessive individualism
(c) over integration with group (d) None of these
9)To Simmel, a mean of maintaining or increasing integration within groups is:
(a) Co-operation (b) Competition
(c) Coercion (d) Conflict
10)Sociology is introduced as an academic discipline by:
(a) Ibn-e-Khaldun (b) Auguste Conte (c) George Simmel (d) Herbert Spencer
11)Society as a complex organization of parts that functions to fulfill the requirement a..’1d promote the needs of the whole, is a concept of:
(a) Structural Functionalism (b) Interaction School of thought
(c) Phenomology (d) None of these
12)The concepts of “Protestant” and “Bourgeoise” were presented by:
(a) Talcat parson (b) Karl Marx
(c) Max Weber (d) Emile Durkheim
13)In “The Division of Labor in Society”, Emile Durkheim presented the idea of:
(a) Mechanical & organic solidarity (b) Social & psychologica! solidarity
(c) Physical & social solidarity (dJ Psychological & mechanica.: solidarIty
(e) None of these
14)A large kinship group whose members inhibit one geographical area and believe the: are descendent from a common anceStor is knOwn as:
(a) clan (b) Tribe
(d) class (e) None of these
(c) Kin group
15)The process by which cultural traits spread from one group or society to another is called:
(a) Folkways
(b) cultural diffusion
(c) counter culture
( d) cultural complexes
(e) None of these
16)The phenomena when educated and highly skilled people emigrate to a new country, their home country loses, is referred as:
(a) Chain migration (b) Life-time migration (c) Brain Drain
(d) Mover (e) None of these
17)A social condition in which values are conflicting, weak or absent is called:
(a) Assimilation (b) Hawthrne effect (c) invasion
(d) Anomie (e.) None of these
18)The psychological stress caused when a person faces rapid cultura: change is called~
(a) Cultural shock (h) R~ ~ -c- n_”- ~.
(1) Man is a social animal, who said:

(a) Aristotle (b) Ibn-i-Khaldun (e) Max Weber (d) AI-Ghazali (e) None of these

(2) Who has written the book “Das KapitaP”.
(a) Lewis Morgan (b) Max Weber (c) Karl Marx (d) August Comte (e) None of these

(3) Who mainly presented the idea of Social Conflict: < (a) Herbert Spencer(b) Emile Durkheim (c) Karl Marx (d) Talcott Parsons (e) None of these

(4) Who advocated the philosophical approach called idealism for understanding society: (a) August Comte (b) Max Weber (c) George Simmel (d) Robert Park (e) None of these
(5) Who is really the founder of Sociology:
(a) Amam Ghazali (b) Ibh-i-Khaldun (c) Parsons (d) Wright Mills (e) None of these
(6) In the division of labour in the society which one of two types of solidarity identified by Durkheim:
(a) Mechanical and Organic Solidarity
(b) Mechanical and Physical Solidarity
(c) Physical and Spiritual Solidarity
(d) Physical and Organic Solidarity
(e) None of these

(7) Who mainly advocated that “the economic structure of the society is the real foundation of the society”:
(a) Karl Marx (b) Charlus Coaley (c) Robert Merton (d) August Comte (e) None of these

(8) Which one is first step of knowledge:
(a) Theory (b) Law
(c) Assumption (d) Intuitive (e) None of these

(9) Concept of Co-variation means:
(a) When two variables vary together
(b) Remain Unchanged
(c) One variable changes, other remains unchanged
(d) None of these

(mujhe C lag ra hai)

(10) Age is a:
(a) Nominal variable (b) Ordinal variable (c) Interval (d) Ratio (e) None of these

(11) Stratified Random Sampling technique is a:
(a) Probability Sampling technique
(b) Non-probability
(c) None of these

(12) Polyandry means:
(a) A form of marriage that joins one female with more than one male.
(b) A form of marriage that joins one female with one male.
(c) A form of marriage that joins more than one female with one male
(d) None of these

(13) Which one is a basic institution for socialization of children:
(a) School (b) Religion (c) Family (d) Community (e) None of these
(14) Population change is mainly based on:
(a) Fertility and Mortality
(b) Fertility and migration
(c) Mortality and migration
(d) Fertility, Mortality and migration
(e) None of these

(15) The infant mortality level in Pakistan is around:
(a) 10 (b) 25 (c) 60 (d) 160 (e) None of these
(16) Demography is a scientific study of human population with respect to:

(a) Size of population

(b) Structure of population

(c) Composition of population

(d) Size, structure and composition of population

(e) None of these

(17) Dispersion and Variation can be examined through calculating:

(a) Mean

(b) Standard deviation

(c) Correlation Co-efficient

(d) Regression Co-efficient

(e) None of these

(18) How many people in Pakistan are living below .poverty line, around:

(a) 10 percent (b) . 20 percent (c) 32 percent (d) 58 percent (e) None of these 4

(19) Norms and values are components of:

(a) Society (b) Religion

(1) The term society in sociology is used to refer to:

(a) The person living in an area

(b) The persons professing the same religion.

(c) The system of social relationship

(d) The organized relations between individuals

(e) None of the these.

(2) Herbert Spencer classified the society into:
(a) Four classes (b) Eight classes (c) Two classes (d) Three classes (e) None of these.

(3) ‘The bourgeoisie type of society was compounded


. (a) Max Weber (b) Karl Marx (c) Hegel (d) T.H. Green (e) None of these.

(4) Language is important to society because:

(a) It makes social contracts easy.

(b) It raised man from a savage to a noble being

(c) It is an invention of society

(d) It easily satisfies man’s need of expression (e> None of these. .

(5) Socialization is a process involving:

(a) Setting up the social norms

(b) Gradual changing of an organism

(c) Declaring everything as belonging to society

(d) Training to adapt id society

(e) None of these.

(6) According to Hegel assimilation is:

(a) a person not a result

(b) a person as well a result

(c) a result and not a process

(d) All of these.

(e) None of these.

(7) *An association is characterized by:
(a) Norms (b) Customs (c) Folk ways (d) Usage (e) None of these.

(8) ‘The research process occurs:

(a) Sometime quickly, sometimes slowly

(b)^ With a very high degree of familiarization and rigour

(c) Always through the interaction. of several scientists

(d) Only irf the scientist’s imagination

(e) None of these.

(9) Operational definitions:

(a) Are composed of primitive and derived terms

(b) Represent concepts that can be directly observed

(c) Are sets of procedures that describe measurement activities

(d) Specify the meaning of concepts through obstensive definitions

(e) None of these.

(10) If we-develop a system that describe a cily}s. traffic flow by setting up a simulated road network, traffic signals and vehicles, we have constructed a/an: .
(a) Axiomatic theory (b) Model (c) Ad-hoc classificatory system (cl) Taxonomy (e) None of these.

(11) In principle, the age of a person is a:

(a) control variable

(b) continuous variable

(c) discrete variable

(d) spurious variable

(e) None of these.

(12) If a change in X produces a change in Y then:

(a) X is not casually related to Y

(b) X and Y do not ovary /

(c) X ‘could he cause of Y

(d) Y is a cause of X (c) None of these.

(13) What is the lowest Level of measurement in which numbers or symbols are used to classify objects:
(a) Nominal (b) Ordinal (c) Internal (d) Ratio
(e) None of these.

(14) Population of Pakistan is around:

(a) 150 million (b) 140 million (c) 160 million (d) 130 million (e) None of these.

(15) Population of Pakistan has been increasing at the rate of:

(a) 3 percent (b) 2.1 percent (c) 1.5 per cent (d) 2.6 percent (e) None of these.

(16) Average life of a Pakistani woman is:

(a) Equal to men (b) Shorter than man

(c) Longer than man

(d) None of these.

(17) Status may be:

(a) ascribed

(b) achieved

(c) Both ascribed and achieved

(d) None of these,

(18) An achieved status is: i

(a) shared by caste-minded people

(b) inherited from parents

(c) derived from abilities and skills

(d) dependent upon biological condition

(e) None of these.

(19) Role conflict -in society emerges out of the fact that:

(a) Performers do not know the nature of Vole performed «

(b) There is lack of balance in the system of the role performed
(c) They do not observe the desired standards, (d) They do not get adequate award -for the roleperformed, . . (d) None of these.

(20). “Bourgeoisie is a.term used by:

(a) ‘Aristotle (b) Karl MarX

(c) Max Weber (d) Maclur

(d) None of these