PPSC Lecturer Recruitment 2015 Education Mcqs Notes for Test Preparation
- First Educational Conference of Pakistan held in Karachi from 27 Nov to 1 Dec 1947
2. Education Minister during first educational conference was Mr. Fazlul Rehman
3. First Educational conference decided to promote Two nation theory, Urdu Language and to establish an Inter University Board
4. Gen.Ayub Kh an government establish a 11 members national educational commission on 30 Dec 1958
5. S.M Shareef was Chairmain of this commission. This commission started its work fro Jan 1959. Mr.Sharif was a Secretary of education
6. Sharif Commission presented his report to President in Aug 1959 consisting of 346 pages
7. According to Sharif Commission report School educational year was consist of 40 weeks with 2 month summer, 10 days winter and 14 days spring vacations
8. University Educational Year consists of 36 weeks
9. Noor Khan Report was another National Education Policy by Yahya Govt in 1970.
10. University Grants Commission was established according to this policy.
11. Zulifqar Bhutto announce a National Education Policy on 29 March 1972.
12. According to National Education Policy on 29 March 1972, all private institutions were nationalized on 1 october 1972.
13. First Peoples Open University established in Islamabad According to National Education Policy on 29 March 1972.
14. National Research Fellowship was established According to National Education Policy on 29 March 1972
15. NSC was established According to National Education Policy on 29 March 1972.
16. Zia Ul Haq Govt issued National Education Policy 1978
17. Islamiat,Pak Studies,Arabic were mad compulsory subjects in National Education Policy 1978.
18. National Educational Council was established in National Education Policy 1978.
19. National Centre was established for science according to National Education Policy 1978.
20. National Technical Teachers Training College established in National Education Policy 1978.
21. In Muradabad 1859 First School was established by Sir. Syed Ahmad Khan
22. MAO High School Ali Garh 1875 established by Sir. Syed Ahmad Khan
23. MAO college Ali Garh 1877 established by Sir. Syed Ahmad Khan which was inaugurated by Lord Milton.
24. This college became university in 1920
25. Mr.Sidens was first its principal
26. All India Mohamdan Educational Conference established by Sir. Syed Ahmad Khan in 1886
27. Scientific Society in 1866 established by Sir. Syed Ahmad Khan
28. Dar-ul-Deoband established by Molana Qasim Nanotavi in 30 May 1866 in Chahta Mosque.
29. Molna M. Mehmmod was first its teacher.
30. Following are pre independence educational reports and commissions
31. Charles Grants Treatise issued in 1792. Charles was a British Parliament member.
32. Lord Minto( Governor General of Subcontinent) Report issued in 1811
33. Lord Macaulay Report 1835
34. wood dispatch report 1854. Charles wood was president of board of control
35. Hunter Commission 1882. William hunter was a minister of Lord Rippen viceroy council
36. Indian Universities Comission 1902
37. Sadler Comission 1919. Michal Sadler was VC of Leads university
38. Hartog Committee report 1929The National Education Policy (NEP) 2009 (“the Policy”) comes in a series of education policies dating back to the very inception of the country in 1947. The review process for the National Education Policy 1998-2010 was initiated in 2005 and the first document, the White Paper was finalised in March 2007. The White Paper became the basis for development of the Policy document.
1. Life Skills-Based Education (LSBE) shall be promoted.
2. Grades XI and XII shall not be part of the college level and shall be merged into the school level forming part of existing secondary schools
3. A system for ranking of primary and secondary educational institutions across the country shall be introduced
4. To create an order for excellence in the country, a “National Merit Programme” shall be introduced to award bright students
5. All children, boys and girls, shall be brought inside school by the year 2015.
6. Official age for primary education shall be 6 to 10 years. The official age group for next levels of education shall also change accordingly.
7. Government shall make efforts to provide the necessary financial resources to achieve the EFA goals.
8. Government shall establish at least one “Apna Ghar” residential school in each province to provide free high quality education facilities to poor students.
9. Every child, on admission in Grade I, shall be allotted a unique ID that will continue to remain with the child throughout his or her academic career.
10. Literacy rate shall be increased up to 86% by 2015
11. Provinces and district governments shall allocate a minimum of 3% of education budget for literacy and non formal basic education (NFBE).
12. NEF programmes, currently in practice up to grade 5 shall be expanded up to grade 10, where required.
13. (14 to 17 years). Special educational stipends shall be introduced to rehabilitate child labourers.
14. A Bachelors degree, with a B.Ed., shall be the requirement for teaching at the elementary level. A Masters level for the secondary and higher secondary, with a B.Ed., shall be ensured by 2018. PTC and CT shall be finished
15. Diploma in Education (D.Ed) may be used as an intermediate qualification till B.Ed teachers are available universally.
16. Teacher training arrangements, accreditation and certification procedures shall be standardised and institutionalised.
17. In service teachers training in mathematics shall be given with due attention to developing conceptual understanding, procedural knowledge, problem solving and practical reasoning skills.
18. In service teacher training in science shall be based on real life situations, use of science kits and provision of science kits to all primary and middle schools.
19. Teacher allocation plans, likewise, shall be based on schools needs and qualifications of teachers. Over the course of next two years, Governments shall develop a rationalised and need-based school allocation of teachers, which should be reviewed and modified annually.
20. Provincial and Area Administrations shall develop effective accountability mechanism including EMIS data on teacher deployment, to control absenteeism and multiple job-holding,
21. Maximum age limit shall be waived off for recruitment of female teachers.
22. The curriculum development and review process, as well as textbooks review process, shall be standardised and institutionalised within the framework of the Federal Supervision of Curricula, Textbooks and Maintenance of Standards of Education Act, 1976.
23. Professional Councils like Pakistan Medical and Dental Council (PM&DC) and Pakistan Engineering Council (PEC) shall be involved in consultations for relevant curriculum development.
24. Environmental education shall be made an integral part of education.
25. Matric-Tech scheme shall be re-introduced at secondary level
26. Education system needs to be internationally competitive and Pakistan shall make efforts
27. TVE shall be extended according to the need of the area i.e. Tehsil, District and Division.
EDUCATION POLICY OF PAKISTAN 1998 TO 2010
1. The constitution of 1973, article 25 gives right of education to every citizen
2. Nazira Qur’an will be introduced as a compulsory component from grade I-VIII
3. The current literacy rate of about 39% will be raised to 55% during the first five years of the policy and 70% by the year 2010
4. About 90% of the children in the age group (5-9) will be enrolled in schools by year 2002-03
5. Gross enrolment ratio at primary level will be increased to 105% by year 2010 and Compulsory Primary Education Act will be promulgated and enforced in a phased manner
6. One model secondary school will be set up at each district level
7. The participation rate will be increased from 31% to 48% by 2002-03 in secondary level
8. Computers shall be introduced in secondary schools in a phased manner.
9. The total expenditure of the government on education will be raised from its present level of 2.2% to 4% of GNP by the year 2002-03
10. The District Education Authority will be established in each district
11. The Academy of Educational Planning and Management (AEPAM) shall be strengthened and tuned up to meet the emerging demands of MES and its obligations at national and provincial levels
12. A School Census Day shall be fixed for collecting data from all over the country.
13. There shall be regulatory bodies at the national and provincial levels to regulate activities and smooth functioning of privately-managed schools and institutions of higher education through proper rules and regulations.
14. School, college and university libraries shall be equipped with the latest reading materials/services. Internet connection with computer shall be given to each library. Mobile library services for semi-urban and remote rural areas shall be introduced.
15. Access to higher education shall be expanded to at least 5% of the age group 17-23 by the year 2010.
16. A new cadre of teacher educators shall be created.
1. Pedagogy is the holistic science of education. the word is derived from a Greek word Paidos and ago, which means “to lead the child”
2. The word “education” is derived from the Latin ēducātiō (“A breeding, a bringing up, a rearing”) from ēdūcō (“educate, train”)
3. In formal education, a curriculum is the set of courses, and their content, offered at a school or university.
4. curriculum came from the Latin word for race course, referring to the course of deeds and experiences through which children grow to become mature adult
5. Epistemology is the branch of philosophy that studies knowledge.Deals with
6. What is knowledge?
7. How is knowledge acquired?
8. ontology is the study or concern about what kinds of things exist – what entities there are in the universe. It derives from the Greek onto (being) and logia (written or spoken discourse). It is a branch of metaphysics , the study of first principles or the essence of things.
9. axiology is The study of the nature of values and value judgments.
10. Perennialists believe that one should teach the things that one deems to be of everlasting pertinence to all people everywhere
11. Educational essentialism is an educational philosophy whose adherents believe that children should learn the traditional basic subjects thoroughly and rigorously
12. Progressivists believe that individuality, progress, and change are fundamental to one’s education. Believing that people learn best from what they consider most relevant to their lives, progressivists center their curricula on the needs, experiences, interests, and abilities of students
13. Philosophy of education can refer to either the academic field of applied philosophy or to one of any educational philosophies that promote a specific type or vision of education, and/or which examine the definition, goals and meaning of education.
14. AKU Aga Khan University
15. MTDF Medium Term Development Framework
16. B. Ed.Bachelor of Education
17. NAVTEC National Vocational & Technical Education Commission
18. B. Sc. Bachelor of Science
19. NCHD National Commission for Human Development
20. B. A. Bachelor of Arts
21. NEAS National Education Assessment System
22. Dip.Ed Diploma in Education
23. NEC National Education Census
24. DEO District Education Officer
25. NEF National Education Foundation
26. DPI Director of Public Instructions
27. NEMIS National Education Management Information System
28. ECE Early Childhood Education
30. National Education Policy
32. Executive District Officer
34. National Education Policy Review
36. Education for All
38. Net Enrolment Ratio
40. Educational Management and
41. Information System
42. NFBE Non Formal Basic Education
44. End of Year
45. NFE Non- Formal Education
47. Federally Administered Tribal
49. NQF National Qualifications Framework
51. Financial Management Information
53. NWFP North West Frontier Province
55. Fast Track Initiative
56. OECD Organization for Economic Cooperation
57. and Development
59. Global Competitive Index
61. Policy and Planning (Wing)
63. Gross Domestic Product
65. Provincial Education Assessment Centre
67. Gross Enrolment Ratio
69. Pakistan Engineering Council
71. Global Monitoring Report
72. Ph. D.
73. Doctor of Philosophy
74. GoP Government of Pakistan
76. Programme for International Student
78. GPI Gender Parity Index
80. Pakistan Medical and Dental Council
82. Human Development Index
84. Personnel Management Information
86. HDR Human Development Report
87. PPP Public Private Partnerships
89. Higher Education Commission
91. Parent Teachers Association
94. Human Immunodeficiency
95. Virus/Acquired Immune
96. Deficiency Syndrome
98. Pupil-Teacher Ratio
100. Human Resource Development R&D Research and Development
102. Islamabad Capital Territory
103. SIP School Improvement Plan
105. Information Communication
107. SMC School Management Committee
108. IED Institute for Educational
109. Development (AKU)
110. STEPS Students, Teachers, Educationists, Parents
111. and Society
113. Inter-Provincial Education
114. Ministers’ Conference
115. TIMSS Trends in International Mathematics and
116. Science Study
118. Local Government Ordinances
119. TVE Technical & Vocational Education
121. Life Skills-Based Education
122. UN United Nations
124. Mid-Decade assessment
125. UNDP United Nations Development Program
127. Millennium Development Goals
128. UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific and
129. Cultural Organization
131. Ministry of Education
133. Universal Primary Education
136. Ministry of Social Welfare and
137. Special Education
139. United States Agency for International
141. MSP Minimum Standard of Provision
142. WB World Bank