FPSC Custom Inspector and Preventive Officer Test Preparation Everyday Science Complete Material / Sample Mcqs Paper

FPSC Custom Inspector and Preventive Officer Test Preparation  Everyday Science Complete Material / Sample Mcqs Paper

• 1 horse power is 745.7 watts
• 1 horse power = work equal to lifting 550 lbs of weight to one foot for one second
• 1 calorie is equal to 4.2 Joules
• 1 barrel is equal to 159 liters
• 6 feet = 1 fathom
• 1 kwh = 3.6 x 10 power 6 joules
• A 100 watt bulb lights for 1 hour uses 100 watt hour of electricity
• -273 degree centigrade is called absolute zero temperature.
• Standard pressure is 760 mm or 14.7 lb/in2
• Gross is equal to 12 dozens
• Mach 2 = 500 miles per hour
• 1 nautical mile = 1825 meters
• Unit of pressure is Pascal
• Force is measured in Newton (SI), Dyne (CGS)
• At -40 deg F Fahrenheit scale is equal to centigrade scale
• Hertz and Angstrom are units of frequency
• Units of work and energy are Joule and Erg (CGS)
• Diopter is unit of power of lens
• Unit is density is kg/m3
• Unit of power is watt, BTU (Board of Trade Unit)
• Unit of electric charge is Coulomb
• Unit of voltage is volt
• Unit of electric resistance is ohm
• Unit of capacitance is Farad
• Unit of magnetic flux is Weber, Tesla
• Unit of radio activity is Becquerel
• Unit of luminous intensity is candle, lux
• Unit of crude oil is Barrel
• Unit of volume of water is cusec, cubic/sec
• Unit of admittance is Mho
• Unit of intensity or loudness of sound is bel
• Unit of viscosity is Poise
• Unit of flight speed is Mach I
• Unit of atmospheric pressure is milli bar
• Unit of wave length of light is Angstrom
• Unit of energy is Electron volt
• Unit of brightness is Lambert
• Unit of luminous flux is Lumen
• Intensity of illumination or unit of luminosity is Lux, Candela and Candle power
• Unit of magnetic pole strength is Weber
• Unit of RAD (Radiation Absorbed Dose) is Gray
• Unit of Electric Current is Ampere
• Unit of inductance is Henry
• Unit of conductance is siemens.
• Unit of heat is Joule, Calorie, BTU (British Thermal Unit)
• Radio activity is measured in currie
• Rutherford : strength of radioactivity
• Torr: pressure
• Fermi : length [A unit of length equal to one femtometer (10-15 meter)]
• Sved berg unit:sedimentation rate
• Dioptre: power of lense
• Mho : conductivity
• Henry: inductance
• Maxwell: magnetic flux
• Becquerel: radioactivity
• Kilo watt hour: power
• Coulomb: unit of electrical charge
• Weber: unit of magnetic flux
• Tesla: unit of magnetic flux density
• Siemen: unit of conductance
• Rutherford: unit of rate of decay of radioactive material
• Faraday: unit of electric charge
• Angstrom: unit of length, used especially to specify radiation wavelengths
• Parsec: unit of astronomical length
• Degree: unit of measurement of an angle
• Steradian: Unit of solid angle measurement
• Dyne is a unit of Force.
• SI unit of pressure is Pascal.
• Curie is a unit of : radioactivity
• Pascal Sound Pressure
• Torr Pressure
• Curie Intensity of radioactivity
• Angstrom Unit of length
• Light year The distance light travels in a year
• Dioptre Lens refractive power
• Horse power Unit of Power
• Radian Unit of angular measure
• Candela Unit of luminous intensity
• Mole unit of amount of substance
• What is measured in units called phon- Sound 192
• What is measured in grains – four grains to a carat- Pearls
• Unit of electromotive force in Volt.
• What is the SI unit of illumination -Lux
• Gross is equal to 12 dozen.
• Ozone is measured in percent age.
• An object traveling at Mach 2 is traveling approximately at 500 mph.(chk)
• What is measured on the Gay-Lussac scale: Alcohol strength
• Chronometer is used to measure… time
• Anemometer is used to measure… Wind Speed
• The clusec is the unit measuring the power of what Vacuum pumps
• One million cycles per second is called Megahertz.
• 0.200 grams are equal to one carat.
• Voltammeter is an electrolytic cell for conducting electrolytic dissociation of electrolyte.
• 8 furlongs make one mile.
• A billion contain 1000 million. It has 9 zeroes. Similarly a trillion has 12 zeroes,a quadrillion 15 zeroes,a quintillion 18 zeroes and a decillion 33 zeroes.
• One inch is equal to 2.5400 cms and one mile is equal to 1.6093 kms.
• One micron is equal to One-thousandth of a millimeter.
• 2.47105 acres is equal to what SI unit-Hectare
• What word describes one tenth of a nautical mile-Cable
• What is measured on the Torro scale -Tornados
• unit of sound named after- Alexander Graham Bell – Decibel
• The density Smoke is measured on the Rngelmann scale-
• Unit of electromotive force in Volt.
• Power is measured in Watts (w).
• Resistance was discovered by Girge Ohm in 1826, and is measured in ohms.
• Electricity does not flow through a circuit by itself. It needs a ‘push’, or energy, to keep it moving. We call this energy the voltage of the circuit. Voltage is measured in volts (v).
• The German scientist George Ohm (1787-1854) is best remembered for working out ohm’s law. He discovered that they voltage across a conductor such as a trip of metal or a wire – and the current following through it always vary in the same proportion. So if you double the voltage, you double the current. This is incredibly useful; because it lets you predict the current you will get for a particular voltage.
• The thickness of silk is measured in what- Denier
• Ohm’s law does not apply to semiconductors and conductors when there is change in temperature.
• In our houses we get 220 V a.c. The value of 220 V represents the effective voltage.
• One unit of electric power is consumed when 10 A of current flows for 1 hour at 100 V. 1 Unit = 1 kw hr = 1000 w hr = 100 x 10 x 1 hr
• If the same note is played on a flute and a sitar, one can still distirguish b/w them because they differ in quality.
• A negatively charged glass rod has always less protons than electrons.
• The wavelength of the X-rays is of the order of 0.1 nanometer.
• Red, green and blue are known as primary colours. These are colours which cannot be produced by mixing with other colours.
• Scattering of light ___ the duration of the day (make)
• Oil rises in a wick of oil lamp on account of a property of matter called Capillary Action
• a primary cell can ___ be charged again (not)
• When a person can see nearer objects but not the distant ones he is said to be suffering from : nearsightedness (myopia)
• ATP is a molecule containing high energy bonds.
• An example of inorganic compound is carbon monoxide.
• The time period of a pendulum on moon increases.
• Clinical thermometer usually measures in Fahrenheit.
• Tube light emits radiation even after it is disconnected. It is due to Fluorescence.
• Shortsightedness can be corrected with the use of Concave.
• Rectifier converts AC into DC
• Atomic weight of chemical compounds is determined by Mass spectroscopy.
• Atomic pile is a place where nuclear fission is made.
• Drinker’s apparatus is for measuring the amount of Alcohol in the blood.
• Dewar’s flask is called as thermos.

• The conversion of gases into liquid under high pressure and low temperature is called regulation.
• If a green leaf is seen in a red light its color will be black.
• Emerge of VIBGYOR from one side of the prism is due to refraction and dispersion of light.
• Oxidation is the process in which electron is lost.
• Half-time is a time of radioactive substance taken by that substance to decompose radioactivity to half of its weight.
• Light energy is stored in the form of chemical energy due to the activity of Chloroplast.
• Sunlight is composed of seven colours
• Oil rises in a wick of oil lamp on account of a property of matter called Capillary Action
• What is a Fata Morgana- Type of Mirage

• Freon-trademark for any of a number of chemical compounds containing fluorine, and often chlorine or bromine. Use: as solvents, as aerosol propellants, in refrigeration. It is commonly used in refrigerator.

• Hydrometer measures humidity
• Barometer measures atmospheric pressure
• Purity of milk is measured by lactometer
• Fathometer measures the depth of oceans.
• Sextant is used for measuring altitude of Sun and other heavenly bodies
• Chronometer records accurate time on ships
• Algesimeter indicates the degree of sensitiveness of skin
• Altimeter measures altitudes
• Ammeter measures current
• Anemometer records velocity of wind
• Cyamometer measures blueness of sky or ocean
• Dasymeter measures density of gas
• Galvanometer measures small electric current
• Hydrometer measures relative density of liquids
• Hygrometer measures humidity in atmosphere
• Hypsometer measures atmospheric pressure to ascertain elevations by determining boiling point of liquid. Or Hypsometer is an instrument for measuring the height above sea level.
• Manometer measures pressure of gases
• Micrometer measures minute distances
• Periscope is used for viewing objects above eye level
• Cyclotron is used for electromagnetic acceleration of charged atoms
• Geiger counter is used for detecting and recording radioactivity. It was invented by Hans Geiger (1882-1945)
• Pyrometer measures high temperatures
• Refrectometer measures refractive index of a substance
• Seismograph measures intensity of earthquake
• Telstar transmits wireless or T.V broadcast
• Viscometer measures viscosity of liquids
• Spiro graph records the movement of lungs
• Photometer measures rate of transpiration
• Scotograph is used for enbling blind to write
• Eratosthenes measures distance round the earth
• Kaldio-scopes have proved helpful in finding the amount of dampness in soil
• Mohr’s scale measures degree of hardness of minerals
• RBC and WBC is bloods are counted by Hemocytometer.
• Manometer is the instrument of measuring gas pressure.
• Spectrometer instrument for measuring the spectrum of light.
• The variation in the blood flow can be heard with an instrument called _ stethoscope _
• What is measured by an interferometer-Wavelength of light
• Hydrophone is used for measuring sound under water.
• Magnometer is an instrument designed to compare the magnetic movement and field.
• Potometer is used to measure the rate of respiration in animal and plants.
• For measuring solar radiation we use pyrheliometer.
• Actimometer measures direct heating power of the Sun.
• Ammeter is use for measuring current strength.
• Manometer is the instrument of measuring gas pressure.
• Spectrometer instrument for measuring the spectrum of light.
• The measurement of rainfall is made by an instrument known as rain gauge
• What is measured with an ombrometer-Rainfall
• The instrument used to measure very high temperature: Infrared pyrometers
• Mechanical energy into electrical energy: Generator
• Heat energy into mechanical energy: Heat engine or steam engine.
• Electrical energy into mechanical energy: Electrical Motor
• Electrical energy into sound energy: Loudspeaker
• Sound energy into electrical energy: Microphone
• The device used to measure radioactivity: Geiger-Muller tube
• The device which converts the chemical energy into electrical energy: Battery
• The device used to measure radioactivity. Geiger counter
• Hygrometer is instrument used for measuring humidity of air.
• Heliscope is used for viewing the sun.
• What does a potometer measure- Water intake
• Clinical thermometer usually measures in Fahrenheit.
• Actimometer measures direct heating power of the Sun.
• Ammeter is use for measuring current strength
• Voltammeter is an electrolytic cell for conducting electrolytic dissociation of electrolyte.
• What does a drosomoter measure: Dew
• Relative density of an atmosphere is measured by hygrometer.
• Spirograph is an apparatus used for recording the movement of the lungs.
• The maximum limit of sound beyond which a person can become deaf is 129 lbs.
• Charles K Rhodes developed an X-Ray emitting laser in 1990.
• Son meter is an instrument used to study the behavior of vibrating string.
• The instrument used for measuring the velocity of wind is known as anemometer.
Altimeter: an apparatus used in aircraft for measuring altitudes.
Ammeter: is used for to measure intensity of sound.
Anemometer: is an instrument for measuring the force and velocity of wind.
Audiometer: an instrument to measure intensity of sound.
Audiophone: is an instrument required for improving imperfect sense of hearing.
Barograph: for continuous recording of atmospheric pressure.
Barometer: is an apparatus used for measuring the atmospheric pressure.
Binoculars: is an instrument used for seeing distant objects, the rays of light are twice reflected by means of right-angled prisms.
Callipers: a compass with legs for measuring the inside or outside diameter of bodies.
Calorimeter: an instrument used for measuring quantities of heat.
Carburettor: is an apparatus for charging air with petrol vapours in an internal combustion engine.
Cardiogram: a medical instrument used for tracing the movements of the heart.
Cardiograph: is a medical instrument for tracing heart movements.
Chronometer: is an instrument kept on board the ships for measuring accurate time.
Cinematograph: It consists of a series of lenses arranged to throw on a screen an enlarged image of photographs. The lens system which forms the image on the screen is termed the focusing lens.
Commutator: split ring which forms the main part of a D.C. Dynamo.
Compass needle: for knowing approximately the North-South direction at a place.
Crescograph: is an instrument for use in recording growth of plants; invented by J.C. Bose.
Dip Circle: It is an instrument used to determine the angle between the direction of the resultant intensity of earth’s field and the horizontal component at a place. This particular angle is know as the dip of that place.
Drinker’s apparatus: to help breathing in infantile paralysis.
Dynamo: The origin of electricity in a Dynamo is the transformation of mechanical energy into electrical energy. It depends on the principle of electro-magnetic induction whereby a current is produced on traversing a magnetic field.
Electroencephalograph (EEG): It is the technique of recording and interpreting the electrical activity of the brain. Records of the electrical activity of the brain, commonly known as “brain waves”, are called electroencephalograms or electroencephalographs. EEG is the common abbreviation for both the technique and the records.
Epidiascope: for projecting films as well as images of opaque articles on a screen.
Eudiometer: It is a glass tube for measuring volume changes in chemical reactions between gases.
Fathometer: is an instrument used for measuring depth of the ocean.
Galvanometer: an instrument for measuring currents of small magnitude.
G.M. Counter (Geiger Muller Counter): This special device is used for detecting the presence of radiation and counting certain atomic particles.
Gramophone: an instrument with which we can reproduce the sound recorded by a suitable recording apparatus. It is fitted with a special type of apparatus known as sound box invented by Berliner.
Gravimeter: is an instrument for recording measurement under water and to determine the presence of oil deposits under water.
Gyroscope: is an instrument used to illustrate dynamics of rotating bodies. It is a type of spinning wheel fixed to the axle.
Hydrometer: is an instrument used for measuring the specific gravity of liquids.
Hydrophone: is an instrument used for recording sound under water.
Hygrometer: is an instrument used for measuring humidity in air.
Kymograph: is an instrument used to record graphically various physiological movements i.e., blood pressure, heart beating, study of lungs etc in living beings.
Lactometer: is an apparatus used for measuring the purity of milk.
Manometer: for determining the pressure of a gas.
Mariner’s Compass: is an apparatus which is used to guide the sailors. The needle always points north-south.
Micrometer: is an instrument used for converting sound i.e., fraction of the lowest division of a given scale.
Microphone: is an instrument used for converting sound waves into electrical vibrations.
Microscope: is an instrument which is used for magnifying minute objects by a lens system.
Microtome: is used for cutting an object into thin parts for microscopic inspection.
Odometer: is an instrument by virtue of which the distance covered by wheeled vehicles is recorded.
Periscope: It is usually used by the crew of a submarine to survey the ships etc, on the surface of the sea while the submarine is under water. It also enables the sailors to observe objects on the other side of an obstacle without exposing themselves.
Phonograph: is an instrument used for reproducing sound.
Photometer: is an apparatus used to compare the illuminating power of two sources of light.
Pipette: It is a glass tube with the aid of which a definite volume of liquid may be transferred.
Potentiometer: is used for comparing the e.m.f.s, of cells, measurements of the thermal e.m.f.s, large potential differences and currents. It is also used for measuring low resistances.
Psychrometer: is an instrument for measurement of the humidity of the atmosphere.
Pyrometer: is an instrument for recording high temperatures from a great distance (i.e., for recording temperature of the sun etc.) by making use of the laws of radiation.
Radar: Radio, Angle, Detection And Range is used to detect the direction and range of an approaching aeroplane by means of radio microwaves.
Rain Gauge: is an apparatus for recording of rainfall at a particular place.
Radiometer: is an instrument for measuring the emission of radiant energy.
Refractometer: is an instrument to measure refractive indices.
Saccharimeter: is an instrument for determining the amount of sugar in a solution. It is used in breweries.
Seismometer or Seismograph: is an instrument used for recording earthquake shocks.
Sextant: is an instrument invented by John Hadley used for measuring the altitude of the sun and of other inaccessible heavenly bodies.
Spectrometer: (1) It is a type of spectroscope suitable for the precise measurements of refractive indices. (2) An instrument for measuring the energy distribution of a particular type of radiation.
Speedometer: is an instrument which indicates speed at which a vehicle is moving.
Spherometer: is an instrument for measuring curvature of surfaces.
Sphygmomanometer: an instrument used for measuring arterial blood-pressure.
Sphygmophone: an instrument, with the help of which a pulse beat makes a sound.
Sphygmoscope: an instrument, by virtue of which, arterial pulsations become visible.
Stereoscope: It is a special type of binocular, through which a double photograph snapped from two different angles by a two-lensed camera is viewed in solid relief.
Stethoscope: is an instrument to hear and analyse movements of heart and lungs.
Stop watch: for recording small intervals of time in the laboratory, in races and other events.
Stroboscope: is an instrument for viewing objects moving rapidly with a periodic motion and to see them as if they were at rest.
Tachometer: is an instrument for determining speeds of aeroplanes and motor boats.
Telephone: a device by virtue of which two persons at two different places can communicate. It consists of two main parts (i) a microphone and (ii) a receiver.
Teleprinter: an instrument which prints automatically messages sent from one place to another, on telegraph lines.
Telescope: is an apparatus used for observing distant objects.
Theodolite: is an instrument for measuring horizontal and vertical angles.
Thermocouple: an instrument based on thermo-electricity used for measuring temperatures.
Thermometer: is an apparatus used for measuring temperature.
Thermostat: It is an instrument used to regulate the temperature to a particular degree.
Viscometer: is an instrument to measure viscosity.
Scientific studies of various fields

acarology– study of mites
accidence– grammar book; science of inflections in grammar
aceology– therapeutics
acology — study of medical remedies
acoustics — science of sound
adenology — study of glands
aedoeology — science of generative organs
aerobiology — study of airborne organisms
aerodonetics– science or study of gliding
aerodynamics — dynamics of gases; science of movement in a flow of air or gas
bacteriology — study of bacteria
balneology — the science of the therapeutic use of baths
barodynamics– science of the support and mechanics of bridges
barology– study of gravitation
batology– the study of brambles
bibliology– study of books
bibliotics– study of documents to determine authenticity
bioecology– study of interaction of life in the environment
biology — study of life
biometrics– study of biological measurement
bionomics– study of organisms interacting in their environments
botany– study of plants
bromatology — study of food
brontology — scientific study of thunder
campanology– the art of bell ringing
carcinology– study of crabs and other crustaceans
cardiology– study of the heart
caricology– study of sedges
carpology — study of fruit
cartography — the science of making maps and globes
cartophily– the hobby of collecting cigarette cards
castrametation — the art of designing a camp
catacoustics–science of echoes or reflected sounds
catalactics– science of commercial exchange
catechectics — the art of teaching by question and answer
cetology — study of whales and dolphins
chalcography– the art of engraving on copper or brass
chalcotriptics– art of taking rubbings from ornamental brasses
chaology — the study of chaos or chaos theory
characterology — study of development of character
chemistry– study of properties of substances
chirocosmetics– beautifying the hands; art of manicure
diabology– study of devils
diagraphics– art of making diagrams or drawings
dialectology — study of dialects
dioptrics — study of light refraction
diplomatics — science of deciphering ancient writings and texts
diplomatology– study of diplomats
docimology– the art of assaying
dosiology– the study of doses
dramaturgy — art of producing and staging dramatic works

E to I

Egyptology– study of ancient Egypt
ekistics– study of human settlement
electrochemistry– study of relations between electricity and chemicals
electrology — study of electricity
electrostatics– study of static electricity
embryology– study of embryos
emetology — study of vomiting
emmenology — the study of menstruation
endemiology– study of local diseases
endocrinology– study of glands
enigmatology– study of enigmas
entomology– study of insects
entozoology– study of parasites that live inside larger organisms
enzymology– study of enzymes
ephebiatrics– branch of medicine dealing with adolescence
epidemiology– study of diseases; epidemics
fluviology — study of watercourses
folkloristics– study of folklore and fables
futurology– study of future
garbology– study of garbage
gastroenterology — study of stomach; intestines
gastronomy– study of fine dining
gemmology– study of gems and jewels
genealogy– study of descent of families
genesiology– study of reproduction and heredity
genethlialogy– the art of casting horoscopes
geochemistry– study of chemistry of the earth’s crust
geochronology— study of measuring geological time
geogeny– science of the formation of the earth’s crust
geogony– study of formation of the earth
geography– study of surface of the earth and its inhabitants
geology — study of earth’s crust
geomorphogeny– study of the origins of land forms
geoponics– study of Agriculture
hydrography– study of investigating bodies of water
hydrokinetics– study of motion of fluids
hydrology– study of water resources
hydrometeorology– study of atmospheric moisture
hydropathy — study of treating diseases with water
hyetology– science of rainfall
hygiastics — science of health and hygiene
hygienics– study of sanitation; health
hygiology– hygienics; study of cleanliness
hygrology– study of humidity
hygrometry — science of humidity
hymnography– study of writing hymns
hymnology — study of hymns
hypnology– study of sleep; study of hypnosis
hypsography– science of measuring heights
iamatology — study of remedies
iatrology– treatise or text on medical topics; study of medicine
iatromathematics– archaic practice of medicine in conjunction with astrology
ichnography– art of drawing ground plans; a ground plan
ichnology– science of fossilized footprints
ichthyology– study of Fish
iconography– study of drawing symbols
iconology– study of icons; symbols
ideogeny– study of origins of ideas
ideology — science of ideas; system of ideas used to justify behaviour
idiomology– study of idiom, jargon or dialect
idiopsychology– psychology of one’s own mind
immunogenetics– study of genetic characteristics of immunity
immunology– study of immunity
immunopathology– study of immunity to disease
insectology — study of insects
irenology — the study of peace

K to O
koniology — study of atmospheric pollutants and dust
ktenology — science of putting people to death
kymatology — study of wave motion
labeorphily– collection and study of beer bottle labels
larithmics– study of population statistics
laryngology — study of larynx
lepidopterology — study of butterflies and moths
leprology– study of leprosy
lexicology — study of words and their meanings
lexigraphy– art of definition of words
lichenology — study of lichens
limacology– study of slugs
limnobiology– study of freshwater ecosystems
limnology — study of bodies of fresh water
linguistics — study of language
lithology– malariology study of malaria
mammalogy– study of mammals
man̬geРthe art of horsemanship
Mariology– study of the Virgin Mary
martyrology– study of martyrs
mastology– study of mammals
mathematics– study of magnitude, number, and forms
mazology– mammalogy; study of mammals
mechanics — study of action of force on bodies
meconology– study of or treatise concerning opium
melittology — study of bees
mereology– study of part-whole relationships
mesology — ecology
metallogeny– study of the origin and distribution of metal deposits
metallography– study of the structure and constitution of metals
metallurgy– study of alloying and treating metals
nidology — study of nests
nomology– the science of the laws; especially of the mind
noology– science of the intellect
nosology — study of diseases
nostology– study of senility
notaphily– collecting of bank-notes and cheques
numerology — study of numbers
numismatics– study of coins
nymphology– study of nymphs
obstetrics– study of midwifery
oceanography– study of oceans
oceanology — study of oceans
odology — science of the hypothetical mystical force of od
odontology– study of teeth
oenology– study of wines
oikology — science of housekeeping
olfactology– study of the sense of smell
ombrology — study of rain
oncology — study of tumours
oneirology — study of dreams
orthography– study of spelling
orthopterology– study of cockroaches
oryctology — mineralogy or paleontology
osmics– scientific study of smells
osmology– study of smells and olfactory processes
osphresiology– study of the sense of smell
osteology — study of bones
otology — study of the ear
otorhinolaryngology– study of ear, nose and throat

P to T

paedology– study of children
paedotrophy– art of rearing children
paidonosology– study of children’s diseases; pediatrics
palaeoanthropology– study of early humans
palaeobiology — study of fossil plants and animals
palaeoclimatology– study of ancient climates
palaeolimnology– study of ancient Fish
palaeolimnology– study of ancient lakes
palaeontology– study of fossils
philately– study of postage stamps
philematology — the act or study of kissing
phillumeny– collecting of matchbox labels
philology — study of ancient texts; historical linguistics
philosophy– science of knowledge or wisdom
phoniatrics — study and correction of speech defects
phonology — study of speech sounds
psychology– study of mind
psychopathology– study of mental illness
psychophysics– study of link between mental and physical processes
pteridology — study of ferns
pterylology — study of distribution of feathers on birds
pyretology — study of fevers
pyrgology — study of towers
pyroballogy– study of artillery
pyrography– study of woodburning
quinology — study of quinine
raciology– study of racial differences
radiology– study of X-rays and their medical applications
reflexology– study of reflexes
rhabdology — knowledge or learning concerning divining rods
rhabdology — art of calculating using numbering rods
rheology — science of the deformation or flow of matter
rheumatology– study of rheumatism
rhinology– study of the nose
rhochrematics– science of inventory management and the movement of products
runology — study of runes
sarcology– study of fleshy parts of the body
satanology — study of the devil
scatology– study of excrement or obscene literature
schematonics– art of using gesture to express tones
sciagraphy– art of shading
scripophily — collection of bond and share certificates
sedimentology — study of sediment
seismology — study of earthquakes
selenodesy– study of the shape and features of the moon
selenology– study of the moon
semantics — study of meaning
semantology– science of meanings of words
semasiology– study of meaning; semantics
topology– study of places and their natural features
toponymics– study of place-names
toreutics — study of artistic work in metal
toxicology — study of poisons
toxophily — love of archery; archery; study of archery
traumatology– study of wounds and their effects
tribology — study of friction and wear between surfaces
trichology– study of hair and its disorders
trophology– study of nutrition
tsiganology– study of gypsies
turnery– art of turning in a lathe
typhlology– study of blindness and the blind
typography– art of printing or using type
typology– study of types of things

U to Z

ufology– study of alien spacecraft
uranography– descriptive astronomy and mapping
uranology– study of the heavens; astronomy
urbanology– study of cities
urenology– study of rust molds
urology — study of urine; urinary tract
venereology– study of venereal disease
vermeology– study of worms
vexillology– study of flags
victimology– study of victims
vinology — scientific study of vines and winemaking
virology– study of viruses
vitrics– glassy materials; glassware; study of glassware
volcanology — study of volcanoes
vulcanology– study of volcanoes
xylography– art of engraving on wood
xylology — study of wood
zenography– study of the planet Jupiter
zoiatrics– veterinary surgery
zooarchaeology– study of animal remains of archaeological sites
zoochemistry– chemistry of animals
zoogeography– study of geographic distribution of animals
zoogeology — study of fossil animal remains
zoology– study of animals
zoonomy– animal physiology
zoonosology– study of animal diseases
zoopathology– study of animal diseases
zoophysics– physics of animal bodies
zoophysiology — study of physiology of animals
zoophytology– study of plant-like animals
zoosemiotics– study of animal communication
zootaxy– science of classifying animals
zootechnics– science of breeding animals
zygology — science of joining and fastening
zymology — science of fermentation
zymurgy– branch of chemistry dealing with brewing and distilling
Vitamin A

Deficiency Symptoms
night blindness
loss of smell
appetite loss

Natural Sources
Carrots, Fish liver oils, liver, green leafy vegetables .
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin)

Deficiency Symptoms
shortness of breath
numb hands/feet

Natural Sources
Whole grains, brewers yeast, wheat germ, rice, seeds and milk.

Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)

Deficiency Symptoms
corner of mouth cracks and sores
poor digestion

Natural Sources
Liver, cheese, fish, eggs, seeds, and cooked leafy vegetables.

Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)

Deficiency Symptoms
dental cavities

Natural Sources
Rose hips, citrus fruits, black currants, tomatoes, sweet potatoes, and green bell peppers.
Vitamin D

Deficiency Symptoms
tooth decay

Natural Sources
Fortified milk, egg yolks, butter, fish liver oils, sardines, salmon, mushrooms, and sunflower seeds.
Vitamin E

Deficiency Symptoms
enlarged prostrate gland

Natural Sources
Wheat germ, brussel sprouts, leafy greens, vegetable oils, and eggs.
Vitamin K (Menadione)

Deficiency Symptoms
nose bleeds

Natural Sources
Kelp, alfalfa, yogurt, safflower oil, fish liver oil, and leafy green vegetables.

• Deficiency of vitamin A causes dryness of skin and night blindness
• Skin food is Vitamin C
• Vitamin C is also called Ascorbic Acid it prevents scurvy
• Vitamin C is also necessary for utilization of iron
• The food which contains largest amount of Vitamin C is tomato
• Cod liver oil contains Vitamin D
• Collagen is the substance that gives elasticity to skin
• Vitamin E promotes oxygenation and acts as anti aging
• Carbon dioxide we release comes from food we eat
• Vitamin B2 has what other name Riboflavin
• Fats are made of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen
• Vitamin E is called anti-aging agent
• Vitamin E helps in fertility process
• Vitamin B helps maintain normal appetite and good digestion
• Protein found in milk is Casein, in beans is Legumes, in meat is myosin and in eggs is albumin
• Water soluble vitamin are B and C and all other are fat soluble
• Vitamin A is stored as Ester in liver
• Vitamin A is found in carotene bearing plants
• Vitamin K helps to form prothrobin (fibro gin) one of the enzymes helpful in blood clotting
• Vitamin E is necessary for iron utilization; normal reproductive function. Vitamin E is for reproduction.
• Vitamin A is found in Dairy products
• Deficiency of Vitamin A causes Night blindness.
• Too much presence of the Potassium salt in human blood increase the risk of heart attack.
• The lack of calcium in the diet causes what condition-Rickets
• Celluloses are carbohydrates.
• Milk contains lactose.
• Vitamin C is a preventor of infectious disease
• Vitamin C is also called Skin food
• Vitamin C can easily be lost in cooking and food storage
• Vitamin D is essential for calcium metabolism.
• Vitamin C hastens healing of wounds
• Vitamin capable of formation of blood is B12
• Riches source of Vitamin D is code liver oil
• Riches source of Vitamin A is eggs
• Deficiency of Calcium leads to rickets
• Vitamin B1 is available is yeast.
• Scury, arising due to deficiency of vitamin C, it is related to Gastro-intestinal disorder.
• Sodium is necessary of nervous system.
• Vitamin D is essential for calcium metabolism.
• Cheese contains vitamin D.
• Vitamin C can not be stored in human body.
• Scurvy, arising due to deficiency of vitamin C, it is related to Gastro-intestinal disorder.
• Sodium is necessary of nervous system.
• Ground nut has maximum protein
• Digestion of fat in intestine is aided by Emulsification
• Hair, finger nails, hoofs, etc are all make of protein
• Deficiency of sodium and potassium causes muscular cramps, headache and diahrae
• Milk contains 80% water
• Milk is a complete food.
• Cheese contains vitamin D.
• Vitamin E is for reproduction.
• Deficiency of Thiamine causes Beri Beri.
• Glucose is the source of energy for human brain.
• Major component of honey is Glucose
• Three main food nutrients are carbohydrates, protein and fats. Other are vitamins and minerals
• Meat is rich in iron we need to make blood cells
• Eating of coconut increases man’s mental faculties
• Food poisoning can result from the eating of too much toadstools.
• Vitamin c is also known as Ascorbic Acid.
• Celluloses are carbohydrates.
• Milk contains lactose
• Ascorbic acid is essential for the formation of bones and teeth.
• Citric acid is a good substitution for ascorbic acid in our nutrition.
• A guava contains more vitamin C than an orange
• Vitamin not stored in human body…..C

• Taxidermy means stuffing dead animals
• Stenography means short hand writing
• Psoriasis is a learning disability
• Paleontology is study of fossils.
• Hematology is the study of blood.
• Study of earth is geology
• Acoustics is the science of sound
• Cytology is the study of cell
• Entomology is the study of insects.
• Apiculture is science of bee keeping
• Ornithology is the science of birds
• Philology is the science of languages
• Oncology is the study of cancer
• Exobiology is the study of life in outer space
• Numismatics is the study of coins
• Eugenics is the study of altering humans by changing their genes or it refers to Improvement of human race
• Ethology is the study of animal behavior
• Anthropology is the study of origin and physical and cultural development of mankind
• Carpology is the study of fruits and seeds.
• Pathology deals with diseases
• Histology deals with organic tissues
• Pedology is the study of soil
• Cryogenics deals with the production, control and application of low temperatures
• Seismology is study of movements inside earth’s crust
• Ailurophobe is fear of animals
• Pyrophobia is fear of fire.
• Ambidextrous is one who can write with both hands.
• Astrophysics is a branch of astronomy which deals with the physical and chemical nature of heavenly bodies.
• . A etiology is the study of causes of disease.
• Concho logy is the study of shells.
• Cryptology is the study of codes.
• Dendrology is the study of trees.
• Ergonomics is the study of relationships between people and their working environment.
• Graphology is the study of handwriting.
• Ichthyology in the study of fish.
• Psychological study of life in artificial environment is called biopsy.
• Forms and features are studies under the branch of Marphology.
• Paleontology is the study of fossils.
• Phycology is the study of Algae.
• Mycology is the study of fungi.
• The art of compiling dictionary is called Lexicography.
• Anthropology is the study of man.
• Cartography is the art of making maps and charts.
• Philately is hobby of stamp collecting.
• The branch of zoology, which deals with the study of insects is called entomology
• The production of generally identical reproduction is called as Cloning
• A petrologist studies what- Rocks history formation etc
• An onomastician studies what – Names
• Thanatology is the study of what Death
• The study of human population is called Demography.
• What does an otologist study-The ear and its diseases
• Noologists study what-The Mind
• Semiology is the study of what-Signals
• What is silviculture- Forestry
• What is Xylography- Wood Engraving
• Paleontology is the science of history of life.
• Meteorology is the study of study of weather.
• Cryptography is the study which deals with the secret writing.
• Hydroponics means cultivation of the plants without use of soil.
• Hyetology is the study of rainfall.
• Mycology is the study of fungus and fungi diseases.
• Numismatics is the study of coins.
• Petrology is the study of rocks in the earth’s crust.
• Amniocentesis is a method for determination of foetal sex.
• What is Steganography: Invisible ink writing
• Ichthyologists study what Fish
• What does a psephologist study: Voting – Elections
• What is studied in Aerology-Planet Mars
• What does a philologist study- Languages
• Orthoepy is the study of what-Word pronunciation
• A philomath has a love of what- Learning
• What is a nidologist interested in-Birds nests
• What is philography- Autograph collecting
• Agronomy is the science of soil management.
• Penology is the study, theory and practice of prison management & criminal rehabilitation.
• Chemical preservation of dead organisms in liquid is called Cryo-Bilogy.
• Orthoepy is the study of what-Word pronunciation
• What does a philologist study- Languages
• Chlama domonas is unicellular plant

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