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PPSC Lecturer Recruitment 2015 Important Philosophy Mcqs from Past Papers for Lecturer Test Preparation 2015

PPSC Lecturer Recruitment 2015 Important  Philosophy   Mcqs from Past Papers for Lecturer Test Preparation 2015

Deductive logic was introduced by:
(a) Pythagoras
(b) Plato
(c) Aristotle
(d) None of these

(xii) Inductive Logic was introduced by:
(a) Socrates
(b) Francis Bacon
(c) Russell
(d) None of these

(xiii) Al Radd al Mantiqiyeen was written by:
(a) Al Ghazali
(b) Ibn-e-Taimiyah
(c) Ibn-e-Sina
(d) None of these

(xiv) Inference of induction argument is:
(a) necessary
(b) probable
(c) invalid
(d) None of these

(xv) Logic is a:
(a) Behavioural science
(b) Normative science
(c) Natural science
(d) None of these

(xvi) If in categorical syllogism the middle term is not distributed, it commits the fallacy of:
(a) Existential fallacy
(b) Undistributed Middle
(c) Illicit major
(d) None of these

(xvii) Symbolic logic is different from:
(a) Deductive logic
(b) Inductive logic
(c) Both of these
(d) None of these

(xviii) Hypothesis is important in:
(a) Scientific explanation
(b) Deductive logic
(c) Symbolic logic
(d) None of these

(xix) Dilemma is a rhetoric argument:
(a) Correct
(b) Incorrect
(c) None of these

(xx) Where P is true and q is false, P.q is:
(a) True
(b) False
(c) None of these

(i) Who is the author of “Being and Nothingness”?
(a) Sartre
(b) Heidegger
(c) Kierkegaard
(d) None of these

(ii) Who is the author of “Being and Time”?
(a) Karl Jaspers
(b) Gabriel Marcel
(c) Heidegger
(d) None of these

(iii) Who wrote “Tractatus Logico Philosophicus”?
(a) Ayes
(b) Wittgenstein
(c) Carnap
(d) None of these

(iv) Who wrote “Language Truth and Logic”?
(a) Russell
(b) Ayes
(c) Schlick
(d) None of these

(v) “Das Kapital” was written by:
(a) Hegel
(b) Karl Marx
(c) Engels
(d) None of these

(vi) Who said “To be is to be perceived”?
(a) Locke
(b) Hobbes
(c) Berkeley
(d) None of these

(vii) The theory of creative evolution was presented by:
(a) Bergson
(b) Nietzsche
(c) Hobbes
(d) None of these

(viii) Who is the father of religious existentialism?
(a) Karl Jaspers
(b) Soren Kierkegaard
(c) Heidegger
(d) None of these

(ix) Dialectical method was introduced in modern philosophy by:
(a) Kant
(b) Descartes
(c) Hegel
(d) None of these

(x) Berkeley was:
(a) Rationalist
(b) Idealist
(c) Skeptic
(d) None of these

(xi) Who is the author of “Tahafat-ul-Falasefah”?
(a) Al Kindi
(b) Al Ghazali
(c) Ibn Sina
(d) None of these

(xii) Who is the author of “Hujjat-allah ul Baleghah”?
(a) Ibn Rushd
(b) Shah Waliullah
(c) Sayyid Ahmed Khan
(d) None of these

(xiii) Reconstruction of religious thought in Islam is written by:
(a) R.A. Nicholson
(b) Allama Iqbal
(c) Mathew Arnold
(d) None of these

(xiv) “Kashful Mehjoob” is a book written by:
(a) Ibn Arabi
(b) Ali Hajvery Data Ganj Bukhsh
(c) Rumi
(d) None of these

(xv) Doctrine of Wahdat ul Wajud is introduced in sufism by:
(a) Al Farabi
(b) Ibn Arabi
(c) Al Kindi
(d) None of these

(xvi) Who believed “the beautific vision of God is impossible”?
(a) Asharites
(b) Mutazilites
(c) Sufis
(d) None of these

(xvii) Ibn Rushd is famous for his translations of:
(a) Plato
(b) Pythagoras
(c) Aristotle
(d) None of these

(xviii) Asharites were:
(a) Rationalists
(b) Traditionalist
(c) Sufis
(d) None of these

(xix) Who is the father of Muslim Philosophy?
(a) Al Farabi
(b) Al Kindi
(c) Ibn Sina
(d) None of these

(xx) Who is known as “Al muallim al thani”?
(a) Al Farabi
(b) Ibn Sina
(c) Al Ghazali
(d) None of these

Which of the following is the best definition of validity?
(a) An argument is valid if its premises are true
(b) An argument is valid if its conclusion is true
(c) An argument is valid if its premises are true and its conclusion is true
(d) An argument is true if and only if the truth of the premises guarantee the truth of the conclusion
(e) None of these

2.Which of the following preposition is a tautology?
(a) (p v q) –> q
(b) pv (q –> p)
(c) p v (p –> q)
(d) p –> (p –> q)
(e) None of these

3.Which of the following is true of subcontrary claims?
(a) They can both be false but they cannot both be true
(b) They can both be true and false
(c) They can always have opposite truth values
(d) They can both be true but they cannot both be false
(e) None of these

4. Which of the following conclusions can logically be influenced from
the following premises? No shoes but joggers are sold in this store. The shoes sold here can be expensive.
(a) Only expensive shoes are sold in this store
(b) All expensive shoes are joggers
(c) All joggers are sold in this store
(d) Some joggers are expensive
(e) None of these

5. An argument comprises of:
(a) At least a premise
(b) At least a conclusion
(c) At least two premises and a conclusion
(d) At least one premise and one conclusion
(e) None of these

6.A deductive argument whose true premises do not necessarily prove its conclusion is considered to be:
(a) Weak
(b) Lead
(c) Invalid
(d) None of these

7. Which fallacy is involved in the argument “Either join a political party or resign yourself to a lonely life”.
(a) False Dilemma
(b) Begging the question
(c) Genetic fallacy
(d) Ad hominem
(e) None of these

8.Which of the following claims are called negative?
(a) I and E
(b) E and O
(c) O and A
(d) A and I
(e) None of these

9. What does the symbol V stands for?
(a) Conjunction
(b) Disjunction
(c) Implication
(d) Equivalence
(e) None of these

10. Which Muslim logicians held Greek logic responsible for heretical metaphysical conclusions?
(a) Al-Ghazali
(b) Al-Farabi
(c) Ibn Sina
(d) Ibn Taimya
(e) None of these

11. Al-Ghazali is the author of:
(a) Tahafat al-Falasafah
(b) Radd al-Mantaqeen
(c) Tahaft Al-Tahafat
(d) None of these

12. In logic of what kind do we argue from the whole to the part?
(a) Induction
(b) Deduction
(c) Formal
(d) None of these

13. Symbolic logic was introduced by:
(a) Aristotle
(b) Francis Bacon
(c) Geoge Boole
(d) None of these

14. Give the conclusion from the following:
Some doctors are fools.
Some fools are sick.
(a) Some doctors are sick
(b) Some sick are doctors
(c) Both (a) and (b) follows
(d) Neither (a) nor (b) follows

15. What conclusion follows from the statements:
All fish are tortoise.
No tortoise is a crocodile.
(a) No crocodile is a fish
(b) No fish is a crocodile
(c) Both (a) and (b) follows
(d) Neither of these follow

16. Identify the status of the conclusion in the following argument?
Tanya is older than Eric Cliff is older than Tanya Eric is older than Cliff
(a) True
(b) False
(c) Uncertain
(d) None of these

17. In symbolic logic the symbol ≡ stands for:
(a) Implications
(b) Equivalence
(c) Negation
(d) None of these

18. What is the name of the coupling device that binds the subject an
d predicate of a preposition in traditional logic?
(a) Copula
(b) Conjunction
(c) Relation
(d) None of these

19. A syllogism can be tested through diagram technique.
(a) Bool
(b) Venn
(c) Traditional
(d) None of these

20. Argument has probable conclusion.
(a) Deductive
(b) Inductive
(c) Fallacious
(d) None of these
Plato was a:
(a) Pragmatist
(b) Materialist
(c) Idealist Rationalist
(d) None of these

2. “Laws” is written by:
(a) John Rawls
(b) Jeremy Bentham
(c) Plato
(d) None of these

3. “Being and Nothingness” is written by:
(a) Kant
(b) Karl Popper
(c) Jean Paul Sartre
(d) None of these

4. “Tahafatul Philopha” is written to refute:
(a) The Politicians
(b) The Lawyers
(c) The Philosophers
(d) None of these

5. _________is the turning point in philosophy at the dawn of the 20th century.
(a) Logical positivism
(b) Science
(c) Naturalism
(d) None of these

6. Who is the author of the “Muqaddama”?
(a) Al-Ghazali
(b) Ibn-e-Khaldun
(c) Al-Kindi
(d) None of these

7. The father of Modern Philosophy is:
(a) Descartes
(b) Thales
(c) Al-Kindi
(d) None of these

8. Epistemology is a branch of Philosophy which deals with:
(a) Morality
(b) Law
(c) Knowledge
(d) None of these

9. Theory of monads is presented by:
(a) Kant
(b) Leibniz
(c) Plato
(d) None of these

10. Dialectic method is of:
(a) Plato
(b) Socrates
(c) Kant
(d) None of these

11. Who is the author of the “Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam”?
(a) Sir Syed Ahmad Khan
(b) Allama Iqbal
(c) Al-Farabi
(d) None of these

12. Shah Waliullah’s famous work is:
(a) Hujjatul Balagha
(b) Tafseer
(c) Tahafatul Tahafha
(d)None of these

13. Sir Syed Ahmad Khan looked upon God as the Author of:
(a) Harmony
(b) Nature
(c) Nature & first cause
(d) None of these

14. This statement ‘God is Nature and Nature is God’ is referred to:
(a) Hegel
(b) Spinoza
(c) Aristotle
(d) None of these

15. Who named human mind Tabula Rasa?
(a) Spinoza
(b) Locke
(c) Descartes
(d) None of these

16. Whose statement is this ‘know they self’?
(a) Plato
(b) Socrates
(c) Kant
(d) None of these

17. ____________believed in the concept of Whadatul Wajud.
(a) Ibn-e-Taimya
(b) Ibn-e-Sina
(c) Ibn-e-Arabi
(d) None of these

18. Dialectical Materialism is referred to:
(a) Karl Marx
(b) Hegel
(c) Descartes
(d) None of these

19. Who said that substances are three?
(a) Spinoza
(b) Descartes
(c) Berkely
(d) None of these

20. Renowed Book “A History of Muslim Philosophy” was edited by:
(a) Shah Waliullah
(b) Abul Ala Maududi
(c) M.M. Sharif
(d) None of these

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